113 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Coalescing beneficial host and deleterious antiparasitic actions as an antischistosomal strategy

    John D Chan et al.
    Engagement of both host and parasite signaling pathways proves a novel approach for developing improved anti-parasitic therapies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A multispecies coalescent model for quantitative traits

    Fábio K Mendes et al.
    A model for evolutionary inferences at both micro- and macroevolutionary scales is proposed and evaluated theoretically and through simulations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Lateral interactions between protofilaments of the bacterial tubulin homolog FtsZ are essential for cell division

    Fenghui Guan et al.
    Structural and functional approaches unambiguously revealed physiologically relevant lateral interactions between FtsZ protofilaments.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Introgression of regulatory alleles and a missense coding mutation drive plumage pattern diversity in the rock pigeon

    Anna I Vickrey et al.
    Different kinds of molecular changes at one genetic locus control different feather pigmentation patterns, and the darkest patterns resulted from hybridization with another species.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dual roles for ATP in the regulation of phase separated protein aggregates in Xenopus oocyte nucleoli

    Michael H Hayes et al.
    The equilibrium between solubility and aggregation of proteins in the nucleus is controlled by co-aggregates like RNA and the action of ATP as both an energy source and a destabilizing chemical agent.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Matrin 3-dependent neurotoxicity is modified by nucleic acid binding and nucleocytoplasmic localization

    Ahmed M Malik et al.
    The deposition of Matrin 3, a DNA/RNA binding protein implicated in ALS and FTD, results in neurodegeneration dependent upon its localization, self-association, and ability to bind nucleic acids.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Pitx2c orchestrates embryonic axis extension via mesendodermal cell migration

    Michelle M Collins et al.
    Expression of Pitx2c at the onset of gastrulation drives convergence and extension movements in the zebrafish embryo by promoting downstream pathways affecting chemokine signaling, integrin-ECM interactions, and planar cell polarity components.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning place cells, grid cells and invariances with excitatory and inhibitory plasticity

    Simon Nikolaus Weber, Henning Sprekeler
    A large variety of spatial representations implied in rodent navigation could arise robustly and rapidly from inputs with a weak spatial structure, by an interaction of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexin and Neuroligin-based adhesion complexes drive axonal arborisation growth independent of synaptic activity

    William D Constance et al.
    Axonal arborisation growth is regulated by dynamic, focal localisations of Neurexin and Neuroligin that provide stability for filopodia, enabling a 'stick and grow'-based mechanism, wholly independent of synapse formation.

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