133 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantitative uniqueness of human brain evolution revealed through phylogenetic comparative analysis

    Ian F Miller et al.
    The exceptionally large size of the human brain is the result of accelerating evolution towards larger brains in hominins, but is not the product of neocortical expansion.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Nephron progenitor commitment is a stochastic process influenced by cell migration

    Kynan T Lawlor et al.
    Stochastic cell migration modulates exposure to signals that regulate commitment in the nephron progenitor niche.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular and topological reorganizations in mitochondrial architecture interplay during Bax-mediated steps of apoptosis

    Nicholas R Ader et al.
    Correlative microscopy and electron cryo-tomography on apoptotic HeLa cells reveal remodeling of outer and inner mitochondrial membranes, Bax cluster ultrastructure and ATP synthase reorganization in ruptured mitochondria.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A first order phase transition mechanism underlies protein aggregation in mammalian cells

    Arjun Narayanan et al.
    Quantitative single molecule and super resolution imaging in mammalian cells reveal a population of precursor aggregates describable by first order phase transition theory.
    1. Cell Biology

    A liquid-like organelle at the root of motile ciliopathy

    Ryan L Huizar et al.
    DynAPs reveal that biological phase separation provides the organizing principle for the complex process of dynein motor assembly in cells with motile cilia.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predicting mutational routes to new adaptive phenotypes

    Peter A Lind et al.
    A combination of genetics, experimental evolution and mathematical modelling defines information necessary to predict the outcome of short-term adaptive evolution.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Gene flow mediates the role of sex chromosome meiotic drive during complex speciation

    Colin D Meiklejohn et al.
    Selfish genetic elements may either promote or prevent the evolution of reproductive barriers, depending on the extent of gene flow between species.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing factors Sf3A2 and Prp31 have direct roles in mitotic chromosome segregation

    Claudia Pellacani et al.
    Extensive cytological and biochemical analyses show that the conserved Sf3A2 and Prp31 splicing factors bind microtubules and the Ndc80 complex, playing direct mitotic functions in both Drosophila and human mitosis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A new experimental platform facilitates assessment of the transcriptional and chromatin landscapes of aging yeast

    David G Hendrickson et al.
    A new technology for obtaining aged yeast cells helps reveal a striking connection between aging, slow growth, and stress.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Aquilegia genome provides insight into adaptive radiation and reveals an extraordinarily polymorphic chromosome with a unique history

    Danièle L Filiault et al.
    The evolution columbine genus involved frequent mixing between incipient species, and one chromosome appears to have taken its own path.

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