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    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    The genetic basis for ecological adaptation of the Atlantic herring revealed by genome sequencing

    Alvaro Martinez Barrio et al.
    Whole genome sequencing of 19 populations of Atlantic and Baltic herring reveals hundreds of individual loci underlying adaptation to a low salinity niche or timing of reproduction.
    1. Cell Biology

    Selective sorting and destruction of mitochondrial membrane proteins in aged yeast

    Adam L Hughes et al.
    A new mitochondrial protein degradation pathway selectively sorts and destroys a subset of the mitochondrial membrane proteome to protect mitochondria in times of stress.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Proliferation-independent regulation of organ size by Fgf/Notch signaling

    Agnė Kozlovskaja-Gumbrienė et al.
    Cell adhesion regulates organ size in the zebrafish lateral line system.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Calcium handling precedes cardiac differentiation to initiate the first heartbeat

    Richard CV Tyser et al.
    High-resolution live imaging reveals how and when the mouse heart first starts to beat during development and how the onset of beating impacts on heart muscle cell maturation and heart formation.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The brown adipocyte protein CIDEA promotes lipid droplet fusion via a phosphatidic acid-binding amphipathic helix

    David Barneda et al.
    An interaction between the brown fat protein CIDEA and the phospholipid phosphatidic acid is vital for the expansion of intracellular lipid droplets for energy storage.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evidence for suppression of immunity as a driver for genomic introgressions and host range expansion in races of Albugo candida, a generalist parasite

    Mark McMullan et al.
    Hybridization and introgression blur species boundaries and broaden genetic diversity available for adaptation; and widespread introgression underpins the evolution of races of the generalist pathogen Albugo candida that specialise on different host plant species.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    A lipid bound actin meshwork organizes liquid phase separation in model membranes

    Alf Honigmann et al.
    A combination of imaging experiments and computer simulations on a model lipid membrane integrate the 'picket fence' and 'raft' models, and suggest that the interplay between actin binding, lipid phase separation and curvature compartmentalize the membrane.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    High-resolution mapping reveals hundreds of genetic incompatibilities in hybridizing fish species

    Molly Schumer et al.
    Genetic incompatibilities are common and widely distributed throughout the genomes of swordtail fish, and prevent the regions of the genome around them from being exchanged between different species.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Vilya, a component of the recombination nodule, is required for meiotic double-strand break formation in Drosophila

    Cathleen M Lake et al.
    The Zip3-like protein Vilya links the initiation of meiotic recombination with crossover formation.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The global antigenic diversity of swine influenza A viruses

    Nicola S Lewis et al.
    Swine populations worldwide are sporadically infected by influenza viruses from humans and birds leading to geographically heterogeneous swine influenza virus populations that pose epizootic and pandemic threats.