191 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    An hourglass circuit motif transforms a motor program via subcellularly localized muscle calcium signaling and contraction

    Steven R Sando et al.
    By driving the localized contraction of subcellular muscle regions, a single motor neuron reverses the flow of material in the Caenorhabditis elegans pharynx, a neuromuscular pump, converting feeding into spitting.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intracellular calcium leak lowers glucose storage in human muscle, promoting hyperglycemia and diabetes

    Eshwar R Tammineni et al.
    Calcium-driven protein changes, causing glycogenolysis, poor synthesis, and diminished content of glycogen, along with diminished glucose transporters, lead to hyperglycemia in patients prone to calcium leaks from intracellular muscle stores.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Long-term live imaging of the Drosophila adult midgut reveals real-time dynamics of division, differentiation and loss

    Judy Lisette Martin et al.
    A new platform for imaging live Drosophila adults yields vivid movies of the midgut over prolonged time scales, opening the door to the real-time study of organ renewal dynamics in a near-native context.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Calcineurin-FoxO-MuRF1 signaling pathway regulates myofibril integrity in cardiomyocytes

    Hirohito Shimizu et al.
    Calcium overload in cardiomyocytes disrupts sarcomere integrity, by stimulating transcriptional upregulation of the E3 ubiquitin ligase MuRF1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    MACF1 controls skeletal muscle function through the microtubule-dependent localization of extra-synaptic myonuclei and mitochondria biogenesis

    Alireza Ghasemizadeh et al.
    Maintenance of peripheral myonuclei patterning in skeletal myofibers is dependent on the regulation of microtubules dynamic and nuclei motion and is essential for proper neuromuscular junction integrity and mitochondria homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    A positive feedback loop between Flower and PI(4,5)P2 at periactive zones controls bulk endocytosis in Drosophila

    Tsai-Ning Li et al.
    The interplay between the Flower Ca2+ channel and PI(4,5)P2 spatiotemporally couples synaptic vesicle exocytosis to activity-dependent bulk endocytosis and synaptic vesicle reformation from bulk endosomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavior: C. elegans does a spit take

    Michael Hendricks
    Eating can turn into spitting because individual parts of a muscle cell are able to contract in different ways.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
    1. Neuroscience

    A dual role for Cav1.4 Ca2+ channels in the molecular and structural organization of the rod photoreceptor synapse

    J Wesley Maddox et al.
    Ca2+ influx through Cav1.4 channels is required for the structural, but not the molecular organization of the rod photoreceptor synapse.

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