1,296 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    An hourglass circuit motif transforms a motor program via subcellularly localized muscle calcium signaling and contraction

    Steven R Sando et al.
    By driving the localized contraction of subcellular muscle regions, a single motor neuron reverses the flow of material in the Caenorhabditis elegans pharynx, a neuromuscular pump, converting feeding into spitting.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Isoform-specific subcellular localization and function of protein kinase A identified by mosaic imaging of mouse brain

    Ronit Ilouz et al.
    High-resolution, large-scale immunohistochemical mouse brain images showing global views of different brain regions, as well as cellular and subcellular details, identified distinct localization of PKA RIβ and RIIβ regulatory subunits that reveal functional differences.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Growth cone-localized microtubule organizing center establishes microtubule orientation in dendrites

    Xing Liang et al.
    In Caenorhabditis elegans, dendrites establish their unique microtubule polarity by localizing an organizing center behind the growing tip.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    A large field of view two-photon mesoscope with subcellular resolution for in vivo imaging

    Nicholas James Sofroniew et al.
    An optical microscopy approach with an ultra-large field of view but retained subcellular resolution allows simultaneous imaging of neural activity in widely dispersed brain regions.
    1. Neuroscience

    The palmitoyl acyltransferase ZDHHC14 controls Kv1-family potassium channel clustering at the axon initial segment

    Shaun S Sanders et al.
    ZDHHC14 controls palmitoylation and axon initial segment targeting of PSD93 and Kv1-family potassium channels, events that are essential for normal neuronal excitability.
    1. Cell Biology

    Membrane fluidity is regulated by the C. elegans transmembrane protein FLD-1 and its human homologs TLCD1/2

    Mario Ruiz et al.
    Inhibition of C. elegans FLD-1 or Human TLCD1/2 prevents saturated fat lipotoxicity by allowing increased levels of membrane phospholipids that contain fluidizing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cellular localization of the cell cycle inhibitor Cdkn1c controls growth arrest of adult skeletal muscle stem cells

    Despoina Mademtzoglou et al.
    Ablation of the Cdkn1c cell cycle inhibitor leads to defective muscle stem cell dynamics and myogenic potential, while progressive cytoplasmic to nuclear cellular localization of the Cdkn1c protein regulates growth arrest.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Planar cell polarity signaling coordinates oriented cell division and cell rearrangement in clonally expanding growth plate cartilage

    Yuwei Li et al.
    Through the interaction between PCP signaling and N-cadherin, oriented cell division and cell rearrangement are coordinated to establish the appropriate tissue architecture critical for limb skeletal morphogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Two consecutive microtubule-based epithelial seaming events mediate dorsal closure in the scuttle fly Megaselia abdita

    Juan Jose Fraire-Zamora et al.
    Evolutionary reduction in tissue number involves the simplification of the seaming process but not signaling during epithelial fusion.
    1. Ecology

    A SLC4 family bicarbonate transporter is critical for intracellular pH regulation and biomineralization in sea urchin embryos

    Marian Y Hu et al.
    Cellular carbon accumulation systems are a fundamental prerequisite for biomineralization to stabilize pH and to supply inorganic carbon for CaCO3 precipitation under changing environmental conditions.

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