MRI methods are promising techniques for investigating the human subcortical auditory system, and these publicly available data, atlases, and tools make researching human audition simpler and more reliable.
Endothelial tightening by augmenting low level Wnt/β-catenin activity in vessels of the mouse subfornical organ, influences neuronal activation in water-deprived mice, linking endothelial barrier properties to neuro-vascular coupling.
An open-source software tool enables the anatomical parcellation of an unprecedented number of subcortical structures in magnetic resonance images of the human brain, automatically and in individual subjects.
GABAergic parvalbumin-expressing 'orchid cells' of the medial septum selectively target GABAergic neurons in connected extra-hippocampal areas of the mouse, providing rhythmically bursting inhibitory input at the peak of hippocampal 5-12 Hz theta oscillatory cycles.
The subcortical visual pathway through the midbrain superior colliculus is responsible for visually evoked Pavlovian conditioning and dopamine neuron responses with predicted value in monkeys, which remained after lesioning V1.