415 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of visually-evoked reward expectation signals in dopamine neurons via the superior colliculus in V1 lesioned monkeys

    Norihiro Takakuwa et al.
    The subcortical visual pathway through the midbrain superior colliculus is responsible for visually evoked Pavlovian conditioning and dopamine neuron responses with predicted value in monkeys, which remained after lesioning V1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preserved extrastriate visual network in a monkey with substantial, naturally occurring damage to primary visual cortex

    Holly Bridge et al.
    Even when the primary visual cortical area is absent bilaterally from early life, the rest of a primate visual brain can develop and function normally to support day-to-day visual behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inter-individual differences in human brain structure and morphology link to variation in demographics and behavior

    Alberto Llera et al.
    Multi-modal structural data fusion questions the specificity of fMRI-behavior associations by providing strong evidence relating human brain structure to a wide range of behavioral measures previously associated to functional connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Movement-related coupling of human subthalamic nucleus spikes to cortical gamma

    Petra Fischer et al.
    When coupling between STN spikes and cortical gamma oscillations was strong, subsequent movement was initiated earlier, independent of changes in mean firing rates, demonstrating the importance of relative spike timing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral-state modulation of inhibition is context-dependent and cell type specific in mouse visual cortex

    Janelle MP Pakan et al.
    The three main types of inhibitory neurons in mouse primary visual cortex respond differently to locomotion in darkness and during visual stimulation, revealing context-dependent responses to changes in behavioral state.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex-wide BOLD fMRI activity reflects locally-recorded slow oscillation-associated calcium waves

    Miriam Schwalm et al.
    Locally recorded calcium events related to slow wave activity show a global cortical fMRI BOLD correlate, establishing a direct relation between a basic neurophysiological signal and the macroscopic perspective of pre-clinical fMRI.
    1. Neuroscience

    A frontal cortex event-related potential driven by the basal forebrain

    David P Nguyen, Shih-Chieh Lin
    Contrary to the common belief that cognitive event-related potentials are generated by local activity within the cerebral cortex, it is shown that some of these potentials are modulated by subcortical inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    An expanding manifold in transmodal regions characterizes adolescent reconfiguration of structural connectome organization

    Bo-yong Park et al.
    Manifold learning of longitudinal brain network data provides novel insights into adolescent structural connectome maturation, and how multiple scales of cortical and subcortical organization interact in typical neurodevelopment.
    1. Neuroscience

    A rapid whisker-based decision underlying skilled locomotion in mice

    Richard A Warren et al.
    A rapid whisker-based decision underlies skilled locomotion in mice largely independent of cerebral cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct effects of prefrontal and parietal cortex inactivations on an accumulation of evidence task in the rat

    Jeffrey C Erlich et al.
    Quantitative modeling of inactivations shows the prefrontal cortex (but not parietal cortex) of the rat is obligatory for decisions guided by evidence accumulating longer than 240 ms.

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