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    1. Neuroscience

    Primate prefrontal neurons signal economic risk derived from the statistics of recent reward experience

    Fabian Grabenhorst et al.
    Neurons in prefrontal cortex track the variance of experienced rewards to guide economic decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value-based attentional capture affects multi-alternative decision making

    Sebastian Gluth et al.
    Speeded value-based decisions between two options can be affected by a third, high-value distractor that captures attention and slows down the choice process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extracting grid cell characteristics from place cell inputs using non-negative principal component analysis

    Yedidyah Dordek et al.
    Computational modeling of the brain’s navigation system reveals that place cells can drive the formation of hexagonal patterns experimentally observed in grid cells activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human observers have optimal introspective access to perceptual processes even for visually masked stimuli

    Megan A K Peters, Hakwan Lau
    Despite the widely held belief among researchers in consciousness that healthy observers can show unconscious perception, a study using a novel method to control for response biases finds no evidence for this phenomenon.
    1. Neuroscience

    Response-based outcome predictions and confidence regulate feedback processing and learning

    Romy Frömer et al.
    Computational modeling, and empirical behavioral and EEG results show that learning relies not only on comparing current events to past experience, but integrates response-based outcome predictions and confidence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Clustered functional domains for curves and corners in cortical area V4

    Rundong Jiang et al.
    Curves and corners are separately encoded by neurons clustered into functional domains in macaque V4.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Conservation and divergence of related neuronal lineages in the Drosophila central brain

    Ying-Jou Lee et al.
    Comprehensive, high-resolution lineage mapping of the fly brain reveals straightforward rules that drive neuronal complexity and probable evidence of brain evolution.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Potential herd protection against Plasmodium falciparum infections conferred by mass antimalarial drug administrations

    Daniel M Parker et al.
    Given sufficient population adherence, mass drug administration for falciparum malaria can provide group level benefits, also known as ‘herd effects’.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of psychosocial stress on dopaminergic function and the acute stress response

    Michael AP Bloomfield et al.
    Imaging and laboratory-induced psychosocial stress showed that exposure to psychosocial adversity was associated with dampened striatal dopaminergic function alongside blunted physiological yet potentiated subjective responses to acute stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Medial orbitofrontal inactivation does not affect economic choice

    Matthew PH Gardner et al.
    Inactivation of the medial orbitofrontal cortex using an optogenetic approach did not affect behavior in rats on an iconic economic choice task.