3,326 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex computes task-invariant relative subjective value for self and other

    Matthew Piva et al.
    Activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex encodes relative subjective value in a common neural code across decision-making for self and other and across tasks with divergent cognitive requirements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms of economic choices in mice

    Masaru Kuwabara et al.
    Inactivation of the lateral orbital area disrupts economic choice behavior and neurons in this area encode the value of offered and chosen options.
    1. Neuroscience

    How prior preferences determine decision-making frames and biases in the human brain

    Alizée Lopez-Persem et al.
    Model-based analyses of choice behavior and fMRI activity revealed that prior preferences generate default policies, which frame the decision value signal encoded in the vmPFC, and shift vmPFC pre-choice activity so as to induce a decision bias toward default options.
    1. Neuroscience

    Promoting subjective preferences in simple economic choices during nap

    Sizhi Ai et al.
    Neurocognitive processing during sleep selectively biases subjective preferences in simple economic choices when the sleeper is stimulated by covert, reward-associated cues.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hippocampus encodes delay and value information during delay-discounting decision making

    Akira Masuda et al.
    Two distinct subpopulations of CA1 neurons that increased or decreased their firing rate during delay were identified, suggesting that they have distinct roles in the valuation process in the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Forced choices reveal a trade-off between cognitive effort and physical pain

    Todd A Vogel et al.
    Cognitive effort is aversive and people will accept physical pain to avoid it, but this avoidance does not appear to share the same fundamental characteristics of pain avoidance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extracting grid cell characteristics from place cell inputs using non-negative principal component analysis

    Yedidyah Dordek et al.
    Computational modeling of the brain’s navigation system reveals that place cells can drive the formation of hexagonal patterns experimentally observed in grid cells activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human observers have optimal introspective access to perceptual processes even for visually masked stimuli

    Megan A K Peters, Hakwan Lau
    Despite the widely held belief among researchers in consciousness that healthy observers can show unconscious perception, a study using a novel method to control for response biases finds no evidence for this phenomenon.
    1. Cell Biology

    A versatile oblique plane microscope for large-scale and high-resolution imaging of subcellular dynamics

    Etai Sapoznik et al.
    A novel single-objective light-sheet microscope with unparalleled spatiotemporal resolution enables imaging and optical manipulation of diverse biological specimens and processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    A human subcortical network underlying social avoidance revealed by risky economic choices

    Johannes Schultz et al.
    The subjective value of engaging in human social situations, and amygdala and nucleus accumbens activation and their connectivity during social decision-making, vary with social anxiety traits.

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