3,403 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mapping the functional landscape of the receptor binding domain of T7 bacteriophage by deep mutational scanning

    Phil Huss et al.
    An unbiased mutational screen decodes the molecular basis of phage receptor interactions, identifies key functional regions determining activity and host range, and demonstrates the potential for engineering therapeutic phages.
    1. Ecology

    Relative demographic susceptibility does not explain the extinction chronology of Sahul’s megafauna

    Corey JA Bradshaw et al.
    There is no relationship between the demographic susceptibility to extinction and the estimated extinction chronology among Sahul’s megafauna, suggesting that human choices, a species’ ecological requirements, and/or random climate variation instead determined the extinction chronology.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cell competition removes segmental aneuploid cells from Drosophila imaginal disc-derived tissues based on ribosomal protein gene dose

    Zhejun Ji et al.
    Cell competition is an important mechanism selecting against aneuploid cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Signed and unsigned reward prediction errors dynamically enhance learning and memory

    Nina Rouhani, Yael Niv
    Throughout learning, both unexpected outcomes and the predictive value of cues modulate learning rate and episodic memory, thereby supporting two seemingly opposing theories of associative learning.
    1. Developmental Biology

    In vivo proximity labeling identifies cardiomyocyte protein networks during zebrafish heart regeneration

    Mira I Pronobis et al.
    Proximity labeling-based proteomic strategies applied in zebrafish identify new insights into protein network changes in heart muscle cells during regeneration and implicate Rho A as a target of ErbB2 signaling during zebrafish heart regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Properties of multivesicular release from mouse rod photoreceptors support transmission of single-photon responses

    Cassandra L Hays et al.
    To improve the reliability of transmitting small single-photon voltage responses, rod photoreceptor cells release synaptic vesicles in regularly timed multivesicular events that are exquisitely sensitive to small voltage changes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Graphical-model framework for automated annotation of cell identities in dense cellular images

    Shivesh Chaudhary et al.
    Unbiased and automatic annotation using structured prediction framework with efficiently built data-driven atlases is more accurate than registration-based methods for cell identifications in dense images and enables fast whole-brain analysis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Time-resolved phosphoproteomics reveals scaffolding and catalysis-responsive patterns of SHP2-dependent signaling

    Vidyasiri Vemulapalli et al.
    Monitoring SHP2 phosphoproteome dynamics identifies new substrate sites and sites protected from dephosphorylation by its SH2 domains, highlighting distinct scaffolding and catalytic activities in effecting a transmembrane signaling response.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-aa regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria associations

    Mroj Alassaf, Mary C Halloran
    An extracellular modulator of IGF1 signaling, Pappaa, regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria connections, which are critical for metabolic homeostasis and hair cell survival.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitation of medium spiny neurons by ‘inhibitory’ ultrapotent chemogenetics via shifts in chloride reversal potential

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    Modifying membrane potential by an 'inhibitory' chloride conductance such as PSAM4-GlyR is inherently unstable because the normally low intracellular concentration of chloride is readily increased by influx of chloride.

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