298 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-canonical role for Lpar1-EGFP subplate neurons in early postnatal mouse somatosensory cortex

    Filippo Ghezzi et al.
    A combined developmental genetics, electrophysiology, and optical approach identify two distinct and dynamic components of the developing neuronal circuit that relay and interpret thalamic input in primary sensory neocortex.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel ciprofloxacin-resistant subclade of H58 Salmonella Typhi is associated with fluoroquinolone treatment failure

    Duy Pham Thanh et al.
    A fluoroquinolone resistant variant of Salmonella Typhi has emerged that is likely to be widespread in the Indian subcontinent; therefore fluoroquinolones should not be recommended for empirical typhoid fever therapy in this setting.
    1. Developmental Biology

    MicroRNA-934 is a novel primate-specific small non-coding RNA with neurogenic function during early development

    Kanella Prodromidou et al.
    Primate-specific miR-934 mediates neurogenesis and downstream neuronal differentiation processes, modulating the expression of genes associated with the subplate, a region most prominent in primates, emerging during early cortical development.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-amino acid variants reveal evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography of a global SAR11 subclade

    Tom O Delmont et al.
    An in-depth metagenomic analysis of possibly the most abundant and widespread microbial lineage in the surface ocean teases apart evolutionary processes that maintain its genomic heterogeneity and biogeography.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Characterisation of the opposing effects of G6PD deficiency on cerebral malaria and severe malarial anaemia

    Geraldine M Clarke et al.
    Increasing levels of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency are associated with decreasing risk of cerebral malaria, but with increased risk of severe malarial anaemia.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A dynamic mechanism for allosteric activation of Aurora kinase A by activation loop phosphorylation

    Emily F Ruff et al.
    Phosphorylation of Aurora A does not trigger a population shift to the active state as previously thought, but instead switches the kinase on by tuning the structure and dynamics of a dynamically sampled subpopulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Localization of spontaneous bursting neuronal activity in the preterm human brain with simultaneous EEG-fMRI

    Tomoki Arichi et al.
    Direct measure of neural and hemodynamic activity in the developing human brain shows that the insula is a major source of transient bursting events that are critical for cortical maturation.
    1. Ecology

    Increasing plant diversity with border crops reduces insecticide use and increases crop yield in urban agriculture

    Nian-Feng Wan et al.
    Plant diversification can make an important contribution to ecological intensification and the sustainable use of associated ecosystem services in an urban ecosystem.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanistic signs of double-barreled structure in a fluoride ion channel

    Nicholas B Last et al.
    Combining crystal structures with single-pore analysis of Fluc-family fluoride channel mutants demonstrates that Fluc channels have two separate fluoride ion permeation pathways within the channel complex.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Electrical activity controls area-specific expression of neuronal apoptosis in the mouse developing cerebral cortex

    Oriane Blanquie et al.
    In the developing mouse, the regional distribution of neuronal apoptosis in the primary motor cortex and primary somatosensory cortex is controlled by sensory-driven and intrinsic electrical activity patterns.

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