484 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Insights into the dynamic control of breathing revealed through cell-type-specific responses to substance P

    Nathan A Baertsch, Jan-Marino Ramirez
    The neuromodulator substance P enhances mechanisms of recurrent excitation between breaths to control breathing frequency and stability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tachykinin acts upstream of autocrine Hedgehog signaling during nociceptive sensitization in Drosophila

    Seol Hee Im et al.
    The Drosophila equivalent of Substance P signaling modulates nociceptive sensitization by regulating Hedgehog signaling within nociceptive sensory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Starvation promotes concerted modulation of appetitive olfactory behavior via parallel neuromodulatory circuits

    Kang I Ko et al.
    Starvation upregulates activity in certain sensory channels and downregulates it in others in what appears to be an optimization strategy that serves to increase the hedonic value of food odors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology
    Chlamydomonas illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: From molecular manipulation of domesticated Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to survival in nature

    Severin Sasso et al.
    Dubbed the 'green yeast', the model alga C. reinhardtii has profoundly advanced many areas of biology, but much remains to be learnt about its life in the wild.
  1. Science Forum: RIPOSTE: a framework for improving the design and analysis of laboratory-based research

    Nicholas GD Masca et al.
    The RIPOSTE framework has been developed to support early and regular discussions between scientists and statisticians in order to improve the design, conduct and analysis of laboratory studies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The histone modification reader ZCWPW1 links histone methylation to PRDM9-induced double-strand break repair

    Tao Huang et al.
    ZCWPW1 is a histone modification reader that localizes to DMC1-labelled double-strand break hotspots in a largely PRDM9-dependent manner, where it facilitates completion of synapsis by mediating DSB repair process.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional properties of CALHM channels of the human placenta

    Katarzyna Drożdżyk et al.
    Members of the calcium homeostasis modulator family expressed in the placenta form large channels with unknown activation properties that harbor a lipid bilayer on the inside of a cylindrical pore.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Progenitors oppositely polarize WNT activators and inhibitors to orchestrate tissue development

    Irina Matos et al.
    Progenitors establish a single-cell length WNT morphogen gradient to transmit signals directionally and differentially to neighbors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cretaceous dinosaur bone contains recent organic material and provides an environment conducive to microbial communities

    Evan T Saitta et al.
    Subterranean fossil bone hosts a living microbiome different from the surrounding sediment without evidence of original protein preservation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Testicular hormones mediate robust sex differences in impulsive choice in rats

    Caesar M Hernandez et al.
    Sex differences in impulsive decision making, such that males are less impulsive than females, are critically dependent upon testicular but not ovarian hormones.

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