Artificial selection on wing color and CRISPR/Cas9 knockout of the optix gene both alter scale lamina thickness in Junonia coenia, which shifts structural color wavelength and mimics macroevolutionary butterfly diversity.
Temperature-sensitive mitochondrial outer membrane proteins used as novel quality control substrates reveal a unique mitochondria-associated degradation pathway consisting of both cytosolic and mitochondrial ubiquitin-proteasome system machinery.
Protein IGFBP-4 acts as a genotoxic stress mediator that, entering into circulation after its secretion by senescent cells, could promote further senescence phenomena in non-injured cells thus impairing tissues’ homeostasis.
Variation in the gene NaMPK4 in plant populations increases reproductive yield, an effect which appears to be independent of soil water availability, neighbor-scale interactions and associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
Glutamatergic projections from basolateral to central amygdala, implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders, develop rapidly during early postnatal period and their development is modulated via endogenously active kainate receptors.