46 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of chloride dynamics on substantia nigra pars reticulata responses to pallidal and striatal inputs

    Ryan S Phillips et al.
    The effects of chloride homeostasis can explain diverse responses of basal ganglia output neurons to putatively inhibitory inputs and may tune these neurons' synchrony, oscillations and behavior in decision-making scenarios.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pretectal neurons control hunting behaviour

    Paride Antinucci et al.
    A discrete population of genetically accessible pretectal neurons controls visually guided hunting behaviour in larval zebrafish.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal beta-theta network during REM sleep

    Sujith Vijayan et al.
    Two regions of the frontal lobe – the anterior cingulate cortex and, unexpectedly, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex – show coordinated rhythmic activity during REM sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    A dystonia-like movement disorder with brain and spinal neuronal defects is caused by mutation of the mouse laminin β1 subunit, Lamb1

    Yi Bessie Liu et al.
    A mouse with a defined mutation in an extracellular matrix protein that is expressed in selected neurons sheds light on circuit abnormalities producing transient hyperkinetic movements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal direct and indirect pathway neurons differentially control the encoding and updating of goal-directed learning

    James Peak et al.
    Direct and indirect pathway neurons in posterior dorsomedial striatum were found to play distinct roles, with the former necessary for encoding and the latter for updating goal-directed learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of striatal direct and indirect pathways in value-based decision making

    Shinae Kwak, Min Whan Jung
    The direct and indirect pathways of the dorsal striatum play indispensable roles in value-dependent action selection and value learning, respectively.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventral pallidal encoding of reward-seeking behavior depends on the underlying associative structure

    Jocelyn M Richard et al.
    Reward-related cues elicit phasic changes in activity in ventral pallidum neurons, which predict and functionally contribute to the speed of behaviors trained on the basis of act-outcome, but not stimulus-outcome, contingencies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal adenosine A2A receptor neurons control active-period sleep via parvalbumin neurons in external globus pallidus

    Xiang-Shan Yuan et al.
    Rostral and central striatum controls slow-wave sleep during active phase in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    An open cortico-basal ganglia loop allows limbic control over motor output via the nigrothalamic pathway

    Sho Aoki et al.
    A novel connection from ventral striatum to motor cortex enables emotion and motivation to influence action and motor control.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cholinergic feedback circuit to regulate striatal population uncertainty and optimize reinforcement learning

    Nicholas T Franklin, Michael J Frank
    Computational modeling suggests that feedback between striatal cholinergic neurons and spiny neurons dynamically adjusts learning rates to optimize behavior in a variable world.

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