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    1. Neuroscience

    Movement-related coupling of human subthalamic nucleus spikes to cortical gamma

    Petra Fischer et al.
    When coupling between STN spikes and cortical gamma oscillations was strong, subsequent movement was initiated earlier, independent of changes in mean firing rates, demonstrating the importance of relative spike timing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding gripping force based on local field potentials recorded from subthalamic nucleus in humans

    Huiling Tan et al.
    Patterns of coordinated activity in the basal ganglia predict how much force we will use to grip objects, suggesting that individuals with paralysis may ultimately be able to use these signals to control graded responses in robotic devices.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-selective inhibition of inappropriate motor-tendencies during response-conflict by a fronto-subthalamic mechanism

    Jan R Wessel et al.
    Action-selection under response-conflict is buttressed by an inhibitory control signal from the basal ganglia that non-selectively suppresses motor excitability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor cortex can directly drive the globus pallidus neurons in a projection neuron type-dependent manner in the rat

    Fuyuki Karube et al.
    Globus pallidus neurons projecting to the striatum are preferentially activated by direct glutamatergic innervation from the motor cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neurons projecting to the posterior striatum form an anatomically distinct subclass

    William Menegas et al.
    Dopamine neurons projecting to different targets receive a similar set of inputs, rather than forming reciprocal connections, whereas those projecting to the posterior striatum receive a distinct set of inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subthalamic beta-targeted neurofeedback speeds up movement initiation but increases tremor in Parkinsonian patients

    Shenghong He et al.
    Patients with Parkinson's disease can be trained to self-suppress beta bursts in subthalamic nucleus, which was accompanied by quicker reaction times when prompted to move but increased tremor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Network structure of brain atrophy in de novo Parkinson's disease

    Yashar Zeighami et al.
    The pattern of atrophy in Parkinson's disease is consistent with the disease spreading via intrinsic brain networks.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic mapping of etiologic brain cell types for obesity

    Pascal N Timshel et al.
    Unbiased computational integration of single-cell- and human genetics data shows that susceptibility to obesity is driven by a broad set of neuronal populations across the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal cascade of frontal, motor and muscle processes underlying human action-stopping

    Sumitash Jana et al.
    The sequence of neural and physiological processes underlying action-stopping has been delineated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pedunculopontine glutamatergic neurons control spike patterning in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons

    Daniel J Galtieri et al.
    Pedunculopontine neurons can evoke burst spiking in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons without engaging a subtype of glutamate receptor previously thought to be necessary for this spiking mode.