205 results found
    1. Plant Biology

    The biogenesis of CLEL peptides involves several processing events in consecutive compartments of the secretory pathway

    Nils Stührwohldt et al.
    Step-wise processing of plant peptide hormone precursors by subtilisin-like proteinases in consecutive compartments of the secretory pathway is required for formation and secretion of the bioactive peptides.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-wall remodeling drives engulfment during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Imaging experiments and simulations reveal that the biophysical mechanism for force generation needed to engulf a forespore is based on coordinated cell wall synthesis and degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Lipoate-binding proteins and specific lipoate-protein ligases in microbial sulfur oxidation reveal an atpyical role for an old cofactor

    Xinyun Cao et al.
    An unexpected new biological function was discovered for the universally conserved cofactor lipoate, as lipoate-binding proteins proved essential for a novel wide-spread prokaryotic sulfur oxidation pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A widespread family of serine/threonine protein phosphatases shares a common regulatory switch with proteasomal proteases

    Niels Bradshaw et al.
    Structures of active and inactive conformations of a PP2C family phosphatase reveal a conserved switch that controls enzymatic activity and point to an unexpected relationship between phosphatases and proteasomal proteases.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A serine sensor for multicellularity in a bacterium

    Arvind R Subramaniam et al.
    Biofilm formation by Bacillus subtilis relies on a sensing mechanism for the amino acid serine that does not depend on a dedicated protein or RNA.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity controls peptidoglycan synthesis and MreB movement

    Aleksandra Zielińska et al.
    Correct cell wall synthesis in bacteria depends on flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interspecies interactions induce exploratory motility in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Dominique H Limoli et al.
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa coordinates invasion and destruction of Staphylococcus aureus communities by modulating single-cell and collective motility.
    1. Microbiology and infectious disease

    Asymmetric division triggers cell-specific gene expression through coupled capture and stabilization of a phosphatase

    Niels Bradshaw, Richard Losick
    Asymmetric cell division is linked to cell-specific transcription by handoff of a key developmental regulator from the cytokinetic machinery to the adjacent cell pole where it oligomerizes to become stabilized and activated.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An essential Staphylococcus aureus cell division protein directly regulates FtsZ dynamics

    Prahathees J Eswara et al.
    GpsB in Staphylococcus aureus directly regulates the central cell division protein FtsZ, a different function from that assigned for GpsB in other closely related organisms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    IP6 is an HIV pocket factor that prevents capsid collapse and promotes DNA synthesis

    Donna L Mallery et al.
    The inositol phosphate IP6 is selectively packaged into HIV virions, where it coordinates electropositive pores in the capsid to prevent spontaneous collapse and promote encapsidated DNA synthesis.

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