417 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    KLF10 integrates circadian timing and sugar signaling to coordinate hepatic metabolism

    Anthony A Ruberto et al.
    Krüppel-like factor 10 coordinates the hepatic circadian transcriptome and protects the liver from the adverse effects of increased sugar consumption.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Ongoing resolution of duplicate gene functions shapes the diversification of a metabolic network

    Meihua Christina Kuang et al.
    Recent functional changes in ancient duplicate genes led to the evolution of divergent regulatory and metabolic strategies by the GALactose gene networks of two yeast species.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Natural variation in sugar tolerance associates with changes in signaling and mitochondrial ribosome biogenesis

    Richard G Melvin et al.
    The optimal macronutrient composition, macronutrient space, varies strongly between closely related species and is determined by genetic changes in regulatory genes that globally reprogram gene expression profiles of metabolic pathways.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Evidence for loss and reacquisition of alcoholic fermentation in a fructophilic yeast lineage

    Carla Gonçalves et al.
    Comparative genomics coupled with genetic and biochemical studies show that central carbon metabolism in fungi can be remodeled by genes originating from bacteria.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The glyoxylate shunt is essential for desiccation tolerance in C. elegans and budding yeast

    Cihan Erkut et al.
    Roundworms and yeast can survive extreme desiccation only by switching their metabolism into a gluconeogenic mode and producing very high amounts of trehalose via the glyoxylate shunt.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbiota functional activity biosensors for characterizing nutrient metabolism in vivo

    Darryl A Wesener et al.
    A method has been developed to characterize the expressed biochemical activities of gut microbial communities using retrievable, microscopic, fluorescent-labeled glass beads containing chemically bound surface biomolecules.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transition between fermentation and respiration determines history-dependent behavior in fluctuating carbon sources

    Bram Cerulus et al.
    Live-cell microscopy and genome-wide screens reveal how slow transitions in metabolism can underlie metabolic memory, providing a model for organisms demonstrating similar history-dependent behaviour and routes to improve industrial microbes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Drosophila HNF4 nuclear receptor promotes glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and mitochondrial function in adults

    William E Barry, Carl S Thummel
    Drosophila HNF4 directs a developmental switch at the onset of adulthood that suppresses diabetes by promoting mitochondrial function and supporting glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Abnormal oxidative metabolism in a quiet genomic background underlies clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma

    Jianing Xu et al.
    A distinct class of kidney tumors is characterized not by patterns of somatic mutations, but by a distinct metabolism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionary routes to biochemical innovation revealed by integrative analysis of a plant-defense related specialized metabolic pathway

    Gaurav D Moghe et al.
    Integrative analysis of a specialized metabolic pathway across multiple non-model species illustrates mechanisms of emergence of chemical novelty in plant metabolism.

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