1,475 results found
    1. Ecology

    A beta-glucosidase of an insect herbivore determines both toxicity and deterrence of a dandelion defense metabolite

    Meret Huber et al.
    An insect digestive enzyme metabolizes a plant defense compound and thereby modulates herbivore performance and host plant choice, which in turn may alter plant defense evolution in nature.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    MACF1 controls skeletal muscle function through the microtubule-dependent localization of extra-synaptic myonuclei and mitochondria biogenesis

    Alireza Ghasemizadeh et al.
    Maintenance of peripheral myonuclei patterning in skeletal myofibers is dependent on the regulation of microtubules dynamic and nuclei motion and is essential for proper neuromuscular junction integrity and mitochondria homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An improved fluorescent noncanonical amino acid for measuring conformational distributions using time-resolved transition metal ion FRET

    William N Zagotta et al.
    Time-resolved transition metal ion fluorescence resonance energy transfer using a fluorescent, noncanonical amino acid donor and metal ion acceptor measures distances and distance distributions in proteins, allowing the equilibrium distributions among conformational states to be accurately determined.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A modified fluctuation assay reveals a natural mutator phenotype that drives mutation spectrum variation within Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Pengyao Jiang et al.
    Certain mutational signatures vary in their contribution to genetic variation across the yeast phylogeny due to genetically encoded natural mutator phenotypes whose activity can be directly measured in the lab.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural characterization of NrnC identifies unifying features of dinucleotidases

    Justin D Lormand et al.
    Dinucleotidases, specialized enzymes that catalyze the final step in RNA degradation, have evolved independently and repeatedly to fulfill essential roles in cell growth.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Information content differentiates enhancers from silencers in mouse photoreceptors

    Ryan Z Friedman et al.
    Silencers and enhancers targeted by a common transcription factor in photoreceptors are distinguished by the number and diversity of binding transcription factor binding sites they contain.
    1. Cell Biology

    Endoplasmic reticulum tubules limit the size of misfolded protein condensates

    Smriti Parashar et al.
    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) uses ER tubules and specific ER autophagy machinery to prevent toxic, dominant-interfering, disease-causing, mutant proteins from entering the secretory pathway.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    TMEM120A contains a specific coenzyme A-binding site and might not mediate poking- or stretch-induced channel activities in cells

    Yao Rong et al.
    Electrophysiological and structural characterizations reveal that a previously proposed ion channel responsible for sensing mechanical pain is insensitive to poking or stretching stimuli for conducting ions and may serve as a coenzyme A-binding protein instead.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Differentiation of mouse fetal lung alveolar progenitors in serum-free organotypic cultures

    Konstantinos Gkatzis et al.
    A serum-free organotypic culture model of mouse lung epithelial progenitors was developed and used to screen WNT modulators for regulators of epithelial differentiation.

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