2,121 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Entrainment and maintenance of an internal metronome in supplementary motor area

    Jaime Cadena-Valencia et al.
    Temporal rhythms are encoded in the supplementary motor area by firing rate oscillations and rhythmic bursts of gamma-band LFP activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Right inferior frontal gyrus implements motor inhibitory control via beta-band oscillations in humans

    Michael Schaum et al.
    Response inhibition is initiated by the right inferior frontal gyrus (rIFG), and stopping performance is predicted by beta-band power as well as beta-band connectivity between rIFG and pre-supplementary motor area.
    1. Neuroscience

    Offline impact of transcranial focused ultrasound on cortical activation in primates

    Lennart Verhagen et al.
    A new application of transcranial ultrasound safely modulates brain activation in primates for up to 2 hours after 40 seconds of stimulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrative frontal-parietal dynamics supporting cognitive control

    Derek Evan Nee
    Analysis of human fMRI data reveal that intermediary areas within the fronto-parietal control network (FPCN) are critical for integrating control processing, cognitive ability, and amenability to neuromodulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Induced sensorimotor cortex plasticity remediates chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect

    Jacinta O'Shea et al.
    Tonic disinhibition of left motor cortex during prism adaptation enhanced consolidation of sensorimotor and cognitive prism after effects, causing lasting clinical gains in three patient cases with chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect.
    1. Neuroscience

    A unified internal model theory to resolve the paradox of active versus passive self-motion sensation

    Jean Laurens, Dora E Angelaki
    Central vestibular regions in the brainstem and cerebellum perform dynamic Bayesian inference to combine motor commands and sensory signals into an optimal estimate of self-motion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layered roles of fruitless isoforms in specification and function of male aggression-promoting neurons in Drosophila

    Margot Wohl et al.
    Male-type aggressive and courtship behaviors of the fruit flies are differentially specified by two sex-determining genes, providing a substrate for the evolution to sculpt these two behaviors independently.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pretectal neurons control hunting behaviour

    Paride Antinucci et al.
    A discrete population of genetically accessible pretectal neurons controls visually guided hunting behaviour in larval zebrafish.

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