4,273 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Surface-to-volume scaling and aspect ratio preservation in rod-shaped bacteria

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Rod-shaped bacteria preserve their aspect ratios and surface-to-volume scaling by maintaining a homeostatic balance between the rates of cell elongation and division protein synthesis.
    1. Plant Biology

    A multifaceted analysis reveals two distinct phases of chloroplast biogenesis during de-etiolation in Arabidopsis

    Rosa Pipitone et al.
    Serial-Block-Face Scanning Electron Microscopy (SBF-SEM) associated with biomolecular analysis show that chloroplast differentiation proceeds by distinct ‘structure establishment’ and ‘chloroplast proliferation’ phases, each with differential protein and lipid regulation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mitochondrial volume fraction and translation duration impact mitochondrial mRNA localization and protein synthesis

    Tatsuhisa Tsuboi et al.
    Mitochondria can tune the protein synthesis of nuclear-encoded proteins through condition-dependent mRNA localization that is regulated by translation elongation and the geometric constraints of the cell.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Pi-Pi contacts are an overlooked protein feature relevant to phase separation

    Robert McCoy Vernon et al.
    Statistics on the frequencies of pi interactions in folded protein structures enable successful prediction of intrinsically disordered protein phase separation, with clear implications for a physical understanding of cellular organization.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Sperm chemotaxis is driven by the slope of the chemoattractant concentration field

    Héctor Vicente Ramírez-Gómez et al.
    The slope of the chemoattractant concentration gradient is a driving force for sperm chemotaxis, by coordinating the entrainment of information flow between sensing, signaling and motility.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Measuring the sequence-affinity landscape of antibodies with massively parallel titration curves

    Rhys M Adams et al.
    The absolute affinities of thousands of variant antibodies are measured in parallel using a combination of cell sorting and high-throughput DNA sequencing.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glial insulin regulates cooperative or antagonistic Golden goal/Flamingo interactions during photoreceptor axon guidance

    Hiroki Takechi et al.
    Timely regulation of growth cone dynamics, including filopodial and cytoskeletal rearrangements through phosphorylation signals from glial cells, shapes the photoreceptor axon targeting.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Odd-paired is a pioneer-like factor that coordinates with Zelda to control gene expression in embryos

    Theodora Koromila et al.
    The gene Odd-paired is a late-acting regulator of zygotic gene expression, functioning coordinately with Zelda to influence chromatin accessibility and affecting genes expressed along both axes of Drosophila embryos.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Flower-like patterns in multi-species bacterial colonies

    Liyang Xiong et al.
    Mechanical interactions between bacterial species with different motility characteristics play an important role in spatial-temporal dynamics of multi-species bacterial colonies and can lead to formation of complex patterns.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Evolutionary and functional insights into the mechanism underlying body-size-related adaptation of mammalian hemoglobin

    Olga Rapp, Ofer Yifrach
    Hemoglobin affinity and cooperativity reveal mechanistic insights in how the relation between physiology and evolutionary variations shape a protein's molecular property.

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