2,537 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Signalling through AMPA receptors on oligodendrocyte precursors promotes myelination by enhancing oligodendrocyte survival

    Eleni Kougioumtzidou et al.
    Electrically active axons in white matter stimulate their own myelination by releasing glutamate, which signals through AMPA-type glutamate receptors on nearby oligodendrocyte precursors and newly-differentiating oligodendrocytes, enhancing their survival and hence their ability to myelinate.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global divergence in critical income for adult and childhood survival: analyses of mortality using Michaelis–Menten

    Ryan J Hum et al.
    A mathematical model based on enzyme kinetics shows how the relationships between life expectancy, survival rates for children and adults, and national income change over time.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    CasExpress reveals widespread and diverse patterns of cell survival of caspase-3 activation during development in vivo

    Austin Xun Ding et al.
    Genetic labeling of cells that survive executioner caspase activity in Drosophila reveals distinct patterns in different tissues.
    1. Neuroscience

    Localized hypoxia within the subgranular zone determines the early survival of newborn hippocampal granule cells

    Christina Chatzi et al.
    Neural progenitors reside in relative low oxygen in the subgranular zone (SGZ), and the higher tissue oxygen levels that these cells must face as they migrate away from the hypoxic areas and differentiate appear to cause oxidative damage and an early phase of cell death.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Biomarkers: Improving survival prediction for melanoma

    Mykyta Artomov
    The survival of patients with cutaneous melanoma can be accurately predicted using just four DNA methylation marks.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A kinase-independent function of AKT promotes cancer cell survival

    Igor Vivanco et al.
    The oncogenic potential of the serine threonine kinase AKT is not exclusively dependent on catalytic activity, but also involves the non-catalytic function of the pleckstrin homology domain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The coordinated action of the MVB pathway and autophagy ensures cell survival during starvation

    Martin Müller et al.
    A catabolic cascade is essential to enter a stable G1/G0 quiescent state and survive extended periods of starvation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lovastatin fails to improve motor performance and survival in methyl-CpG-binding protein2-null mice

    Claudia Villani et al.
    Lovastatin ability to rescue motor deficits and survival in a mouse model of Rett syndrome is strongly influenced by the genetic background.
    1. Cell Biology

    AMPK and vacuole-associated Atg14p orchestrate μ-lipophagy for energy production and long-term survival under glucose starvation

    Arnold Y Seo et al.
    Upon AMPK activation by acute glucose restriction, Atg14p shifts its distribution from ER exit sites to liquid-ordered membrane domains on the vacuolar surface where, together with Atg6p, it facilitates LD-specific autophagy (i.e., microautophagy of lipid droplets) for energy production and long-term survival of starved cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Peripherally administered orexin improves survival of mice with endotoxin shock

    Yasuhiro Ogawa et al.
    When the neuropeptide orexin is peripherally administered in mice with septic shock, it penetrates the blood-brain barrier and acts in the brain to improve survival through multiple autonomic and neuroendocrine pathways.

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