625 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The global antigenic diversity of swine influenza A viruses

    Nicola S Lewis et al.
    Swine populations worldwide are sporadically infected by influenza viruses from humans and birds leading to geographically heterogeneous swine influenza virus populations that pose epizootic and pandemic threats.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Origins of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic in swine in Mexico

    Ignacio Mena et al.
    Genome sequence data from 58 Mexican swine influenza A viruses resolves the spatial origin of the virus that originated the influenza pandemic of 2009.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Notochord: Patterning the spine

    Matthew P Harris, Gloria Arratia
    Experiments have shed new light on the development of the spine in zebrafish.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Palmitoylation of LIM Kinase-1 ensures spine-specific actin polymerization and morphological plasticity

    Joju George et al.
    The protein-lipid modification palmitoylation targets the kinase LIMK1 to dendritic spines to ensure precise control of the size of individual spines in response to synaptic activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    The modulation of neural gain facilitates a transition between functional segregation and integration in the brain

    James M Shine et al.
    The flexible network architecture of the brain is sensitive to the modulation of neural gain, which may be mediated by ascending arousal nuclei, such as the noradrenergic locus coeruleus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of NMDA receptors at different stages of granule cell development in the adult brain

    Yangling Mu et al.
    NMDARs promote spine formation to control survival of adult-born granule cells, but gauge spine enlargement and recruitment of AMPARs in both developing and mature neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endothelin signalling mediates experience-dependent myelination in the CNS

    Matthew Swire et al.
    Endothelin signalling, regulated by changes in neuronal activity associated with experience, influences the number of myelin sheaths formed by individual oligodendrocytes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Astrocytes refine cortical connectivity at dendritic spines

    W Christopher Risher et al.
    Spines with multiple excitatory contacts are potential sites for competition between thalamic and cortical axons, which is regulated by the astrocytes through the secreted synaptogenic protein hevin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexin directs partner-specific synaptic connectivity in C. elegans

    Alison Philbrook et al.
    Investigation of synapse development using a single neuron system illuminates how individual neurons specify connectivity with their postsynaptic partners and the central role of the synaptic organizer neurexin in this process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional effects of distinct innervation styles of pyramidal cells by fast spiking cortical interneurons

    Yoshiyuki Kubota et al.
    Cortical interneurons inhibit pyramidal cells to a greater degree when they form synapses with the pyramidal cell body than when they form synapses with dendrites.

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