42 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Diverse deep-sea anglerfishes share a genetically reduced luminous symbiont that is acquired from the environment

    Lydia J Baker et al.
    Environmental transmission is atypical of symbionts that have undergone genome degradation, yet genetically reduced deep-sea anglerfish symbionts likely persist in the deep sea biome in search of a new host.
    1. Ecology

    Transcriptome analysis illuminates the nature of the intracellular interaction in a vertebrate-algal symbiosis

    John A Burns et al.
    The endosymbiosis between an alga and the spotted salamander shows several parallels to invertebrate-algal symbioses as well as to pathogen associations in vertebrate animals.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple lineages of Streptomyces produce antimicrobials within passalid beetle galleries across eastern North America

    Rita de Cassia Pessotti et al.
    The widespread occurrence of metabolically active streptomycetes in Odontotaenius disjunctus beetle frass may insulate their galleries against pathogenic fungal invasion through the production of diverse antimicrobial specialized metabolites.
    1. Ecology

    Algal-fungal symbiosis leads to photosynthetic mycelium

    Zhi-Yan Du et al.
    The capacity for symbiosis between photosynthetic microalgae and early diverging lineages fungi was demonstrated with microscopy and stable isotope exchange of carbon and nitrogen.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionary transitions between beneficial and phytopathogenic Rhodococcus challenge disease management

    Elizabeth A Savory et al.
    The horizontal acquisition of virulence plasmids is potentiated by production practices in plant nurseries and is sufficient to transition Rhodococcus from being beneficial to being pathogenic.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insect endosymbiont proliferation is limited by lipid availability

    Jeremy K Herren et al.
    The endosymbiont Spiroplasma can only proliferate if it can acquire sufficient hemolymph lipids from its insect host.
    1. Ecology

    Rapid spread of a densovirus in a major crop pest following wide-scale adoption of Bt-cotton in China

    Yutao Xiao et al.
    Exposure to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) selects for beneficial interactions between the target insect pest (Helicoverpa armigera) and its symbiotic densovirus that enhances its performance on Bt-crops under field conditions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Symbiont location, host fitness, and possible coadaptation in a symbiosis between social amoebae and bacteria

    Longfei Shu et al.
    Morphological and fitness defects imposed on amoebae hosts by Burkholderia symbionts demonstrates symbiont species-specific effects and provides evidence of host adaptation to naturally acquired symbionts.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Reconstructing the functions of endosymbiotic Mollicutes in fungus-growing ants

    Panagiotis Sapountzis et al.
    Domestication of endosymbiotic Mollicutes may have resolved nitrogen-recycling challenges for attine ants and enabled the evolutionary derived leaf-cutting ants to fully exploit their herbivorous niches.

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