37 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Formicine ants swallow their highly acidic poison for gut microbial selection and control

    Simon Tragust et al.
    Poison acidified crops sanitize food and limit disease transmission while at the same time structuring the gut microbiota and thus contribute to the ecological and evolutionary success of formicine ants.
    1. Medicine

    The gut microbiota is a transmissible determinant of skeletal maturation

    Abdul Malik Tyagi et al.
    The gut microbiota is a non-genomic, transmissible regulator of bone volume, structure, and turnover.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial symbiont subpopulations have different roles in a deep-sea symbiosis

    Tjorven Hinzke et al.
    Physiological differentiation during symbiosis leads to division of labor between smaller and larger cells in an uncultured bacterial tubeworm symbiont population and results in remarkable metabolic diversity and complexity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Symbiont-mediated cytoplasmic incompatibility: What have we learned in 50 years?

    J Dylan Shropshire et al.
    This review serves as a gateway to experimental, conceptual, and quantitative themes of cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) and outlines significant gaps in the understanding of CI's mechanism that are ripe for investigation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The skin microbiome facilitates adaptive tetrodotoxin production in poisonous newts

    Patric M Vaelli et al.
    Skin-associated bacteria underlie the production of a potent defensive neurotoxin in newts, impacting host physiology, molecular evolution, and predator-prey interactions in a coevolutionary arms race.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global genome diversity of the Leishmania donovani complex

    Susanne U Franssen et al.
    Genomic data for the parasites that cause visceral leishmaniasis provides the first global picture of the diversity and evolution of the pathogen and the epidemiology of this fatal tropical disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology

    Ubiquitous macropinocytosis in anthozoans

    Philippe Ganot et al.
    Macropinocytosis, the process of non-specific endocytosis, is a major gateway for large volumes of surrounding medium and nanoparticles to coral cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Wolbachia cytoplasmic incompatibility enzyme CidB targets nuclear import and protamine-histone exchange factors

    John Frederick Beckmann et al.
    Genetic and proteomic screening with Wolbachia's CidB enzyme reveal the mechanisms and targets of cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI).
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Diverse deep-sea anglerfishes share a genetically reduced luminous symbiont that is acquired from the environment

    Lydia J Baker et al.
    Environmental transmission is atypical of symbionts that have undergone genome degradation, yet genetically reduced deep-sea anglerfish symbionts likely persist in the deep sea biome in search of a new host.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mechanisms of iron- and O2-sensing by the [4Fe-4S] cluster of the global iron regulator RirA

    Ma Teresa Pellicer Martinez et al.
    Molecular details of how the iron–sulfur cluster cofactor of a bacterial global iron regulatory protein simultaneously senses iron and O2 are revealed by mass spectrometry and spectroscopy.

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