1,633 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    SynEM, automated synapse detection for connectomics

    Benedikt Staffler et al.
    The detection of chemical synapses in 3-dimensional electron microscopy data has been automated such that synapses in large-scale connectivity maps of the cerebral cortex, connectomes, can be charted without the need for human interaction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptive learning and decision-making under uncertainty by metaplastic synapses guided by a surprise detection system

    Kiyohito Iigaya
    Computational modeling offers an explanation for why animals learn more quickly or slowly when their environment becomes more variable or stable.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical detection of three modes of endocytosis at hippocampal synapses

    Natali L Chanaday, Ege T Kavalali
    Single synaptic vesicle imaging shows that kinetically distinct endocytic pathways are differentially regulated by calcium and temperature, and influence the fidelity of synaptic vesicle protein retrieval.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preserving inhibition with a disinhibitory microcircuit in the retina

    Qiang Chen et al.
    A disinhibitory motif in the retina mediates noise resilience of motion detection using an inverted algorithm of disinhibition due to the interplay between network activity and synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Retinal direction selectivity in the absence of asymmetric starburst amacrine cell responses

    Laura Hanson et al.
    Experimental and computational models reveal how parallel 'core' mechanisms shape direction selectivity at the dendrites of starburst amacrine cells and ganglion cells in the mouse retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    Myosin V functions as a vesicle tether at the plasma membrane to control neurotransmitter release in central synapses

    Dario Maschi et al.
    Synaptic vesicles undergo reversible tethering at the plasma membrane which is activity- and myosin V- dependent.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Modulation of Prdm9-controlled meiotic chromosome asynapsis overrides hybrid sterility in mice

    Sona Gregorova et al.
    Prdm9-generated meiotic asynapsis of homologous chromosomes in mouse subspecific hybrids causes hybrid sterility and can be reversed by introducing random stretches of consubspecific sequence (≥ 27Mb) on four chromosomes most sensitive to asynapsis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The postsynaptic t-SNARE Syntaxin 4 controls traffic of Neuroligin 1 and Synaptotagmin 4 to regulate retrograde signaling

    Kathryn P Harris et al.
    Syntaxin 4 regulates retrograde signaling in the postsynaptic compartment at Drosophila synapses by controlling trafficking of Neuroligin and Synaptotagmin 4 cargo.
    1. Neuroscience

    The AMPA receptor-associated protein Shisa7 regulates hippocampal synaptic function and contextual memory

    Leanne J M Schmitz et al.
    Shisa7 is a bona-fide AMPAR modulatory protein affecting channel kinetics of hippocampal AMPARs, and is necessary for synaptic plasticity and memory recall.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience-dependent weakening of callosal synaptic connections in the absence of postsynaptic FMRP

    Zhe Zhang et al.
    Postnatal, postsynaptic loss of FMRP specifically weakens callosal synaptic inputs onto L2/3 pyramidal neurons, in requirement ofnormal sensory experience, through downregulating AMPA receptor transmission and without affecting local synaptic inputs during cortical circuit development.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories