922 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Inhibition enhances spatially-specific calcium encoding of synaptic input patterns in a biologically constrained model

    Daniel B Dorman et al.
    Inhibition enhances the spatial specificity of high calcium influx for cooperatively stimulated synapses, suggesting that inhibitory inputs may regulate both synapse-specific and heterosynaptic plasticity to support learning and memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    A resource for the Drosophila antennal lobe provided by the connectome of glomerulus VA1v

    Jane Anne Horne et al.
    FIB-SEM is used to identify comprehensively and reconstruct 192 neurons and their complete connectome for glomerulus VA1v of the Drosophila antennal lobe, in particular to reconstruct its local interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic neuromuscular remodeling precedes motor-unit loss in a mouse model of ALS

    Éric Martineau et al.
    Motor axons undergo dynamic branch-specific changes for weeks before complete neuronal degeneration in a model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, highlighting the importance of peripheral factors, intrinsic and extrinsic to motoneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple neurons encode CrebB dependent appetitive long-term memory in the mushroom body circuit

    Yves F Widmer et al.
    The transcription factor CrebB mediates long-term memory formation in different neurons within the mushroom body learning circuit, including mushroom body intrinsic and output neurons but not dopaminergic input neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Aberrant information transfer interferes with functional axon regeneration

    Chen Ding, Marc Hammarlund
    Defects in synapse regeneration limit functional circuit recovery after nerve injury by misdirecting information via ectopic dendritic synapses, and also by functional and molecular deficits in reformed axonal synapses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Active presynaptic ribosomes in the mammalian brain, and altered transmitter release after protein synthesis inhibition

    Matthew S Scarnati et al.
    Local presynaptic protein synthesis occurring at established nerve terminals in the mammalian brain provides a mechanism for rapidly controlling or restoring presynaptic proteins that affect neurotransmitter release and presynaptic efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar learning using perturbations

    Guy Bouvier et al.
    A proposal for a complete cellular/network implementation of trial-and-error motor learning in the olivo-cerebellar system.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hair follicle epidermal stem cells define a niche for tactile sensation

    Chun-Chun Cheng et al.
    Heterogeneous epidermal stem cells define a niche for tactile sensation via providing a unique ECM and tissue architecture for nerves, revealing their new functions in coordinated sensory organ formation.

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