1,591 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders

    Adam J Harrington et al.
    Mice that lack the autism- and schizophrenia-linked gene MEF2C in cortical neurons have an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and impaired social and cognitive abilities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory and inhibitory synapse reorganization immediately after critical sensory experience in a vocal learner

    Ziqiang Huang et al.
    Sensory acquisition of a motor target is associated with rapid removal of excitatory synapses and with rapid insertion of inhibitory synapses in the main song control area of songbirds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feed-forward recruitment of electrical synapses enhances synchronous spiking in the mouse cerebellar cortex

    Andreas Hoehne et al.
    Transient recruitment of electrical synapses mediates precisely timed excitation and inhibition to enhance synchronized control of cerebellar cortical output.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Deep-learning-based three-dimensional label-free tracking and analysis of immunological synapses of CAR-T cells

    Moosung Lee et al.
    Rapid, label-free, volumetric, and automated assessment of the immunological synapse dynamics is demonstrated by combining optical diffraction tomography and deep-learning-based segmentation, providing a new option for immunological research.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    EFHC1, implicated in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, functions at the cilium and synapse to modulate dopamine signaling

    Catrina M Loucks et al.
    C. elegans EFHC1 influences neuronal transmission through the cilium and the synapse.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamocortical synapses in the cat visual system in vivo are weak and unreliable

    Madineh Sedigh-Sarvestani et al.
    A characterization of LGN-V1 synaptic transmission properties demonstrates thalamocortical synapses in vivo are weak and unreliable, but biologically constrained models show they efficiently drive cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Characterization of developmental and molecular factors underlying release heterogeneity at Drosophila synapses

    Yulia Akbergenova et al.
    Active zone release probability is correlated with calcium channel density and calcium influx at single release sites, with release strength increasing in an activity-dependent manner during synapse maturation.
    1. Neuroscience

    SynEM, automated synapse detection for connectomics

    Benedikt Staffler et al.
    The detection of chemical synapses in 3-dimensional electron microscopy data has been automated such that synapses in large-scale connectivity maps of the cerebral cortex, connectomes, can be charted without the need for human interaction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic LRP4 promotes synapse number and function of excitatory CNS neurons

    Timothy J Mosca et al.
    The cell surface receptor LRP4, long recognized for postsynaptic functions, also plays a role as a presynaptic determinant of synapse formation by functioning through a downstream kinase pathway.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Calcium influx through CRAC channels controls actin organization and dynamics at the immune synapse

    Catherine A Hartzell et al.
    By restricting actin polymerization to the perimeter of the immune synapse and promoting depolymerization, calcium influx drives centripetal actin flow, which confines CRAC channels and the endoplasmic reticulum to the synapse center.

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