820 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell and circuit origins of fast network oscillations in the mammalian main olfactory bulb

    Shawn D Burton, Nathaniel N Urban
    Fast network oscillations in the mammalian main olfactory bulb emerge from the dense synchronization of gamma-frequency firing among resonant tufted cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory and inhibitory receptors utilize distinct post- and trans-synaptic mechanisms in vivo

    Taisuke Miyazaki et al.
    Excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic receptors are maintained at corresponded postsynaptic sites with the different dependency of presynaptic neurons in the mature mammalian brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    NHE6 depletion corrects ApoE4-mediated synaptic impairments and reduces amyloid plaque load

    Theresa Pohlkamp et al.
    Genetic disruption of sodium-hydrogen exchanger 6 (NHE6) reduces amyloid plaques in humanized Alzheimer's disease mouse models and restores normal synaptic responses to neuromodulatory input in humanized ApoE4-expressing animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning differentially shapes prefrontal and hippocampal activity during classical conditioning

    Jan L Klee et al.
    CA1 and PFC bridge the temporal gap between cue and reward delivery during trace conditioning according to different underlying coding principles and task-related activity is reactivated during awake Sharp-Wave Ripples.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic dichotomy of accumbal population activity underlies cocaine sensitization

    Ruud van Zessen et al.
    Cocaine elicits opposing activity changes in D1R vs D2R spiny projection neurons of the nucleus accumbens with much variability, subsequent recruitment of a subset of D1R neurons drives behavioral sensitization.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    An XRCC4 mutant mouse, a model for human X4 syndrome, reveals interplays with Xlf, PAXX, and ATM in lymphoid development

    Benoit Roch et al.
    A viable separation of function XRCC4 knock-in mutant mouse model recapitulates some aspects of XRCC4 deficiency in humans, notably the absence of immune deficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM7 is critical for short-term synaptic depression by regulating synaptic vesicle endocytosis

    Zhong-Jiao Jiang et al.
    Electrophysiological and live-cell imaging analyses identify a presynaptic function of Ca2+ influx via transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Memory recall involves a transient break in excitatory-inhibitory balance

    Renée S Koolschijn et al.
    Hippocampal activity during memory recall predicts a transient increase in the ratio between neocortical glutamate and GABA, thereby allowing otherwise dormant memories to be released.
    1. Neuroscience

    The generation of cortical novelty responses through inhibitory plasticity

    Auguste Schulz et al.
    Inhibitory synaptic plasticity provides a flexible and biologically plausible circuit mechanism to detect the novelty of bottom-up stimuli and to generate stimulus-specific adaptation.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cell adhesion molecule Sdk1 shapes assembly of a retinal circuit that detects localized edges

    Pierre-Luc Rochon et al.
    A novel retinal ganglion cell requires a cell adhesion molecule to grow its dendrites, collect synaptic inputs, and become selective to edges placed in its receptive field.

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