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    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct modes of endocytotic presynaptic membrane and protein uptake at the calyx of Held terminal of rats and mice

    Yuji Okamoto et al.
    Capacitance measurements and pH imaging reveal distinct modes of uptake for endocytotic presynaptic membrane and proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Specific labeling of synaptic schwann cells reveals unique cellular and molecular features

    Ryan Castro et al.
    The discovery of markers specific to perisynaptic Schwann cells will accelerate the discovery of mechanisms important for their differentiation and function.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dynamin phosphorylation controls optimization of endocytosis for brief action potential bursts

    Moritz Armbruster et al.
    The recycling of transmitter vesicles at synapses shows calcium-dependent regulation that depends on the phosphorylation status of an enzyme called dynamin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial readout of visual looming in the central brain of Drosophila

    Mai M Morimoto et al.
    In the Drosophila central brain, synaptic connectivity extracts visual-spatial information from the axons of looming sensitive LC6 neurons that terminate in a glomerulus with minimal retinotopy.
    1. Neuroscience

    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum stimulation reverses motor symptoms and synaptic deficits in Huntington’s disease

    Sara Fernández-García et al.
    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum circuit is functionally altered in Huntington's disease and, by boosting its activity, we reverse symptoms at behavioral, physiological, and morphological level in symptomatic mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motoneuron Wnts regulate neuromuscular junction development

    Chengyong Shen et al.
    A novel role of motoneuron Wnts in regulating presynaptic development at the neuromuscular junction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frequency-dependent mobilization of heterogeneous pools of synaptic vesicles shapes presynaptic plasticity

    Frédéric Doussau et al.
    The mobilization or silencing of two heterogeneous pools of synaptic vesicles via different frequencies probably enables granule cell to Purkinje cell synapses to better discriminate between the high-rate code of sensory information and background noise.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of protein phosphorylation in nerve terminal reveals extensive changes in active zone proteins upon exocytosis

    Mahdokht Kohansal-Nodehi et al.
    Global phosphoproteomic analysis in nerve terminal during exocytosis reveals 252 uniquely regulated phosphosites, highlighting complex regulation of active zone proteins at multiple sites and the role of specific kinases/phosphatases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Clarinet (CLA-1), a novel active zone protein required for synaptic vesicle clustering and release

    Zhao Xuan et al.
    Clarinet, a novel C. elegans active zone protein with homology to vertebrate Piccolo and Rim, uses its different isoforms for diverse functions, including synaptic vesicle clustering, vesicle release and synaptogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The LRR-TM protein PAN-1 interacts with MYRF to promote its nuclear translocation in synaptic remodeling

    Shi-Li Xia et al.
    Identified as a binding factor of transcription factor MYRF, the LRR-TM protein PAN-1 promotes the cell-membrane localization and nuclear translocation of MYRF, which drives synaptic rewiring in Caenorhabditis elegans.