275 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A dual role for Cav1.4 Ca2+ channels in the molecular and structural organization of the rod photoreceptor synapse

    J Wesley Maddox et al.
    Ca2+ influx through Cav1.4 channels is required for the structural, but not the molecular organization of the rod photoreceptor synapse.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel region in the CaV2.1 α1 subunit C-terminus regulates fast synaptic vesicle fusion and vesicle docking at the mammalian presynaptic active zone

    Matthias Lübbert et al.
    A novel region in the CaV2.1 α1 subunit regulates coupling of synaptic vesicles to CaV2.1 calcium channels, synaptic vesicle release and docking, and the size of the fast and total releasable pools of synaptic vesicles.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Telomeric double-strand DNA-binding proteins DTN-1 and DTN-2 ensure germline immortality in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Io Yamamoto et al.
    The discovery of non-canonical telomeric dsDNA-binding proteins in Caenorhabditis elegans reveal their contribution in the maintenance of telomere length and germline immortality.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective and regulated trapping of nicotinic receptor weak base ligands and relevance to smoking cessation

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    The smoking cessation drug varenicline (Chantix) and other weak base ligands reduce a4b2-type nicotinic receptor (a4b2R) upregulation through slow intracellular release due to selective trapping in acidic vesicles that contain a4b2Rs.
    1. Developmental Biology

    VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling regulates hippocampal axon branching during development

    Robert Luck et al.
    Hippocampal axon branching, required for the formation of functional neuronal networks, is regulated by VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling during development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Regenerating hair cells in vestibular sensory epithelia from humans

    Ruth Rebecca Taylor et al.
    Immunolabelling and morphological assessment, complemented by complete transcriptomic analysis, demonstrates that supporting cells can be induced to convert towards a hair cell-like phenotype in human vestibular sensory epithelia.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Autoinhibition of Munc18-1 modulates synaptobrevin binding and helps to enable Munc13-dependent regulation of membrane fusion

    Ewa Sitarska et al.
    Biophysical and functional data strongly support the notion that Munc18-1 acts as a template to assemble the neuronal SNARE complex, and that inhibition of this activity underlies diverse forms of regulation of neurotransmitter release.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Time- and polarity-dependent proteomic changes associated with homeostatic scaling at central synapses

    Christoph T Schanzenbächer et al.
    Metabolic labelling and quantitative proteomics reveal the temporal evolution of cellular and neuronal responses to global activity manipulations.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the AAA protein Msp1 reveals mechanism of mislocalized membrane protein extraction

    Lan Wang et al.
    Msp1 recruits substrates at the open seam of the spiral oligomer and extracts them with functionally adapted elements.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of retinal axon growth by secreted Vax1 homeodomain protein

    Namsuk Kim et al.
    Secreted Vax1 homeodomain protein supports the development of optic chiasm by directly acting at the retinal ganglion cell axon.

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