90 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    v-SNARE transmembrane domains function as catalysts for vesicle fusion

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Structural flexibility of the synaptobrevin-2 transmembrane domain promotes membrane fusion.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Native α-synuclein induces clustering of synaptic-vesicle mimics via binding to phospholipids and synaptobrevin-2/VAMP2

    Jiajie Diao et al.
    Experiments on synthetic models of synaptic vesicles have shed new light on the role of the protein α-synuclein in the central nervous system.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Autoinhibition of Munc18-1 modulates synaptobrevin binding and helps to enable Munc13-dependent regulation of membrane fusion

    Ewa Sitarska et al.
    Biophysical and functional data strongly support the notion that Munc18-1 acts as a template to assemble the neuronal SNARE complex, and that inhibition of this activity underlies diverse forms of regulation of neurotransmitter release.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Reconciling isothermal titration calorimetry analyses of interactions between complexin and truncated SNARE complexes

    Eric A Prinslow et al.
    Isothermal titration calorimetry experiments clarify apparently discrepant results described previously and show that N-terminal sequences of complexin bind to SNARE complexes containing C-terminally truncated synaptobrevin when they include the syntaxin-1 juxtamembrane region.
    1. Neuroscience

    Myosin V functions as a vesicle tether at the plasma membrane to control neurotransmitter release in central synapses

    Dario Maschi et al.
    Synaptic vesicles undergo reversible tethering at the plasma membrane which is activity- and myosin V- dependent.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The laminar organization of the Drosophila ellipsoid body is semaphorin-dependent and prevents the formation of ectopic synaptic connections

    Xiaojun Xie et al.
    The organization of layered/laminated axon projections in specific regions of the fruitfly central brain is regulated by short-range repulsive guidance and is critical for local inhibitory circuit formation and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of protein phosphorylation in nerve terminal reveals extensive changes in active zone proteins upon exocytosis

    Mahdokht Kohansal-Nodehi et al.
    Global phosphoproteomic analysis in nerve terminal during exocytosis reveals 252 uniquely regulated phosphosites, highlighting complex regulation of active zone proteins at multiple sites and the role of specific kinases/phosphatases.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cellular and regulatory map of the cholinergic nervous system of C. elegans

    Laura Pereira et al.
    Analyzing a map of all cholinergic neurons in the nematode C. elegans shows how these neurons are embedded in the C. elegans connectome and reveals the regulatory factors controlling their development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Complexin induces a conformational change at the membrane-proximal C-terminal end of the SNARE complex

    Ucheor B Choi et al.
    Complexin can have two conformations when bound to a ternary SNARE complex, one of which induces a conformational change of the SNARE complex at the C-terminus.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Complex transcriptional regulation and independent evolution of fungal-like traits in a relative of animals

    Alex de Mendoza et al.
    Functional genomics reveal complex genome regulation during the coenocytic development of the ichthyosporean Creolimax fragrantissima, a protist closely related to animals.

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