236 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired spatial learning and suppression of sharp wave ripples by cholinergic activation at the goal location

    Przemyslaw Jarzebowski et al.
    Elevated cholinergic activity disrupts offline hippocampal state and impairs memory formation highlighting the need for a precise timing of cholinergic activity in learning and memory.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Robust, coherent, and synchronized circadian clock-controlled oscillations along Anabaena filaments

    Rinat Arbel-Goren et al.
    Noisy circadian clocks in Anabaena, coupled by cell-cell communication, display high spatio-temporal coherence and can be robustly described by incorporating demographic noise in a theoretical model of coupled clock arrays.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    How oscillating aerodynamic forces explain the timbre of the hummingbird’s hum and other animals in flapping flight

    Ben J Hightower et al.
    A first-principles acoustics model reveals how the acoustic spectrum generated by flapping wings originates from oscillating aerodynamic forces, and is validated by in vivo aerodynamic force measurements and acoustic holography.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mother brain is wired for social moments

    Ortal Shimon-Raz et al.
    Mother brain shows special sensitivity to social moments of mother-infant synchrony, compared to other caregiving experiences, through enhanced activation across the caregiving network, response to oxytocin administration, and temporal consistency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin-7 places dense-core vesicles at the cell membrane to promote Munc13-2- and Ca2+-dependent priming

    Bassam Tawfik et al.
    Synaptotagmin-7 acts synergistically with synaptotagmin-1 by placing vesicles close to the plasma membrane within reach of the SNARE/Munc13-complex, supporting their priming and setting the stage for fast and slow fusion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin interneurons activated by 5-HT2A receptor suppress slow oscillations in medial entorhinal cortex

    Roberto de Filippo et al.
    Somatostatin interneurons are novel mediators of serotonergic modulation in entorhinal cortex via activation of 5-HT2A receptors, a receptor involved in the etiology of different psychiatric disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple time-scales of decision-making in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex

    Wenbo Tang et al.
    Hippocampal and prefrontal neuronal populations form slow behavioral-timescale (~seconds) and fast cognitive-timescale (~100 ms) sequential activity patterns as theta and replay sequences, which play distinct yet cooperative roles in memory-guided decision-making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synchronous activity patterns in the dentate gyrus during immobility

    Martin Pofahl et al.
    Two-photon in vivo calcium imaging reveals short time-scale, synchronous and sparse population activity in dentate gyrus that replays place-related information, and is important for formation of dentate-dependent spatial memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical astrocytes independently regulate sleep depth and duration via separate GPCR pathways

    Trisha V Vaidyanathan et al.
    Cortical astrocytes play key roles in NREM sleep by regulating sleep depth and duration through separate GPCR pathways, and differentially control neuronal slow-wave activity in local and remote cortical circuits.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    High-quality carnivoran genomes from roadkill samples enable comparative species delineation in aardwolf and bat-eared fox

    Rémi Allio et al.
    High-quality genomes can be obtained from roadkill samples and used in population genomics for species delimitation with conservation implications.

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