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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome mining unearths a hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic gene cluster

    Hyun Bong Park et al.
    A new type of hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic pathway has been illuminated via genome mining.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a mitochondrial ATP synthase with bound native cardiolipin

    Alexander Mühleip et al.
    The atomic model of a mitochondrial ATP synthase dimer underlies functions of its specific protein constituents and boundary cardiolipins.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global phenotypic profiling identifies a conserved actinobacterial cofactor for a bifunctional PBP-type cell wall synthase

    Joel W Sher et al.
    A broadly useful phenotypic profiling dataset was generated and used to identify a cofactor required for a polar cell wall synthase in Corynebacterium glutamicum that is conserved throughout the Actinobacteria.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A terpene synthase-cytochrome P450 cluster in Dictyostelium discoideum produces a novel trisnorsesquiterpene

    Xinlu Chen et al.
    The social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum employs a terpene synthase-cytochrome P450 metabolic gene cluster to produce a novel trisnorsesquiterpene discodiene.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The enterococcal cytolysin synthetase has an unanticipated lipid kinase fold

    Shi-Hui Dong et al.
    The bacterial cytolysin synthetase CylM has a eukaryotic lipid kinase fold despite the absence of any clear sequence similarity, and contains adjacent phosphorylation and phosphate elimination active sites and an ordered activation loop in the absence of peptide substrate or regulatory proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Bovine F1Fo ATP synthase monomers bend the lipid bilayer in 2D membrane crystals

    Chimari Jiko et al.
    The transmembrane shape of the F1Fo ATP synthase monomer provides the molecular basis of high curvature at the ridges of mammalian mitochondrial cristae.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Female resistance to pneumonia identifies lung macrophage nitric oxide synthase-3 as a therapeutic target

    Zhiping Yang et al.
    Activation of lung macrophage nitric oxide synthase-3 improves both bacterial clearance and outcome in primary and secondary pneumonia models.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Atomistic simulations indicate the c-subunit ring of the F1Fo ATP synthase is not the mitochondrial permeability transition pore

    Wenchang Zhou et al.
    The notion that the lumen of the ATP synthase membrane rotor is the long-sought megachannel that triggers the onset of the mitochondrial permeability transition is found to be inconsistent with its actual structural and functional properties.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Optical manipulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis using photoswitchable ceramides

    Matthijs Kol et al.
    Photoswitchable ceramides containing an azobenzene photoswitch behave as light-controllable substrates for both sphingomyelin synthase and glucosylceramide synthase.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    An evidence based hypothesis on the existence of two pathways of mitochondrial crista formation

    Max E Harner et al.
    Lamellar and tubular cristae in mitochondria form by two different molecular pathways that form both involve F1FO-ATP synthase dimers and the MICOS complex, but formation of lamellar cristae also relies on Mgm1/Opa1.