560 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Synthetic lethality between the cohesin subunits STAG1 and STAG2 in diverse cancer contexts

    Petra van der Lelij et al.
    STAG1 has been identified as a hardwired genetic dependency of cancer cells harbouring mutations in the cohesin subunit and emerging major tumor suppressor STAG2 holds the promise for the development of selective therapeutics.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Evidence that synthetic lethality underlies the mutual exclusivity of oncogenic KRAS and EGFR mutations in lung adenocarcinoma

    Arun M Unni et al.
    Co-mutation of two powerful oncogenes in certain cell types may have a lethal effect that explains the mutual exclusivity of the mutations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromatin accessibility underlies synthetic lethality of SWI/SNF subunits in ARID1A-mutant cancers

    Timothy W R Kelso et al.
    ARID1A, a subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, and its homolog ARID1B function to maintain chromatin accessibility and active histone modifications at enhancers.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Hyperactivation of ERK by multiple mechanisms is toxic to RTK-RAS mutation-driven lung adenocarcinoma cells

    Arun M Unni et al.
    Cancer cells driven by mutations in KRAS or EGFR are dependent on DUSP6 to prevent ERK-induced cell death, creating a novel vulnerability for targeted therapy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Increased H+ efflux is sufficient to induce dysplasia and necessary for viability with oncogene expression

    Bree K Grillo-Hill et al.
    Increasing the internal pH of cells can induce dysplasia and enhance oncogene-increased cell growth, while decreasing the internal pH combined with oncogene expression leads to synthetic lethality.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Integrative analysis of large-scale loss-of-function screens identifies robust cancer-associated genetic interactions

    Christopher J Lord et al.
    Computational approach to identify reproducible genetic interactions in cancer reveals that they are enriched among protein–protein interaction pairs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Hemozoin produced by mammals confers heme tolerance

    Rini H Pek et al.
    Heme accumulation is toxic, but deficiency of the heme transporter HRG1/SLC48A1 causes heme sequestration and crystallization into hemozoin within enlarged lysosomes of macrophages, thereby conferring heme tolerance to mammals.
    1. Cell Biology

    Autophagy-dependent ribosomal RNA degradation is essential for maintaining nucleotide homeostasis during C. elegans development

    Yubing Liu et al.
    Embryonic development requires autophagy-dependent degradation of ribosomal RNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The COMA complex interacts with Cse4 and positions Sli15/Ipl1 at the budding yeast inner kinetochore

    Josef Fischböck-Halwachs et al.
    The chromosomal passenger complex interacts with the inner kinetochore COMA complex through the Ctf19 C-terminus in vitro which is shown to be important for mediating accurate chromosome segregation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    shinyDepMap, a tool to identify targetable cancer genes and their functional connections from Cancer Dependency Map data

    Kenichi Shimada et al.
    shinyDepMap helps users explore the essentiality, selectivity, and function of the genes across hundreds of cancer cell lines and identify cancer drug targets.

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