2,945 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Genetic identification of a common collagen disease in Puerto Ricans via identity-by-descent mapping in a health system

    Gillian Morven Belbin et al.
    A health-system embedding method for genomic discovery and clinical characterization of disease highlights the importance of documenting a wider spectrum of genetic disorders in diverse populations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric ON-OFF processing of visual motion cancels variability induced by the structure of natural scenes

    Juyue Chen et al.
    The fruit fly estimates visual motion by incorporating ON-OFF asymmetric processing that only improves performance when stimuli have light-dark asymmetries matched to natural scenes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypocretin underlies the evolution of sleep loss in the Mexican cavefish

    James B Jaggard et al.
    The identification of evolutionarily-derived changes in Hypocretin function within the brains of short-sleeping Mexican cavefish provides a system for investigating the mechanistic basis of sleep differences throughout the animal kingdom.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Radial glia regulate vascular patterning around the developing spinal cord

    Ryota L Matsuoka et al.
    Identification of a novel role for central nervous system-resident progenitors in the patterning of the vascular network around the developing spinal cord.
  1. Meta-Research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents?

    Juan P Alperin et al.
    An analysis of review, promotion and tenure documents from 129 US and Canadian universities suggests institutions could better fulfill their public missions by changing how they incentivize the public dimensions of faculty work.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Advancing biology through a deeper understanding of zebrafish ecology and evolution

    David M Parichy
    The zebrafish is a premier model organism for biomedical research, with a rich array of tools and genomic resources, and combining these with a fuller appreciation of wild zebrafish ecology could greatly extend its utility in biological research.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Planting molecular functions in an ecological context with Arabidopsis thaliana

    Ute Krämer
    Research in molecular ecology and evolution is increasingly utilizing the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, placing a spotlight on its natural history.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Signaling: Enzymatic insights into an inherited genetic disorder

    Liping Zhang, Kelly G Ten Hagen
    Mutations in an enzyme involved in protein degradation affect a signaling pathway that stimulates the development of the digestive tract.
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