259 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Medicine

    Human immunocompetent Organ-on-Chip platforms allow safety profiling of tumor-targeted T-cell bispecific antibodies

    S Jordan Kerns et al.
    Novel human models of the lung and intestine are described and validated as preclinical in vitro tools for predictive profiling of T-cell-bispecific antibodies with expected on-target off-tumor risk.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optimal compensation for neuron loss

    David GT Barrett et al.
    Spiking networks compensate the loss of neurons instantaneously, when restoration of excitatory/inhibitory balance becomes equivalent to restoration of functionality.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural computations underlying inverse reinforcement learning in the human brain

    Sven Collette et al.
    The human brain is capable of implementing inverse reinforcement learning, where an observer infers the hidden reward structure of a decision problem solely through observing another individual take actions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Medicine

    Cancer Immunotherapy: A promising platform for predicting toxicity

    Maria Ochoa de Olza
    Organ-on-chip approaches could help researchers to better predict the toxicity of cancer immunotherapy drugs.
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    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of task outcome on implicit motor learning

    Hyosub E Kim et al.
    During a sensorimotor perturbation, task outcome may serve as a gain on implicit adaptation or provide a distinct error signal for a second, independent implicit learning process.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Initial elevations in glutamate and dopamine neurotransmission decline with age, as does exploratory behavior, in LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice

    Mattia Volta et al.
    LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice are a genetically faithful model that recapitulates the slow disease progression of familial PD, with initial alterations to behaviour and neurotransmission providing early pathophysiological targets for neuroprotective interventions.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Supervised mutational signatures for obesity and other tissue-specific etiological factors in cancer

    Bahman Afsari et al.
    A supervised methodology for mutational signatures outperforms the current standard unsupervised approach revealing new tissue-dependent mutational signatures among which some for obesity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Male pheromones modulate synaptic transmission at the C. elegans neuromuscular junction in a sexually dimorphic manner

    Kang-Ying Qian et al.
    Male pheromone environment increases the cholinergic synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites during development, decreasing hermaphrodites' locomotion activity and promoting mating efficiency.

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