4,328 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    tRNA genes rapidly change in evolution to meet novel translational demands

    Avihu H Yona et al.
    Experimental evolution and systematic sequence analysis of transfer RNA genes reveal that anticodon mutations provide adaptive plasticity to the translation machinery.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Identifying gene expression programs of cell-type identity and cellular activity with single-cell RNA-Seq

    Dylan Kotliar et al.
    A novel algorithm, consensus non-negative matrix factorization (cNMF), accurately identifies gene expression programs underlying cell-type identity and cellular activities from single-cell RNA-Seq data.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Gene regulatory network reconstruction using single-cell RNA sequencing of barcoded genotypes in diverse environments

    Christopher A Jackson et al.
    Single cell expression data can be used to determine how regulatory transcription factors and target genes are connected, and is especially useful when studying transcription factors controlling heterogeneous cell states.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new protocol for single-cell RNA-seq reveals stochastic gene expression during lag phase in budding yeast

    Abbas Jariani et al.
    A new high-throughput method for single-cell RNA-seq in yeast cells shows how stochastic expression of glucose-repressed genes contributes to cell-to-cell differences during adaptation to an environmental change.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hipposeq: a comprehensive RNA-seq database of gene expression in hippocampal principal neurons

    Mark S Cembrowski et al.
    Gene expression was analyzed in hippocampal principal cells, enabling cellular phenotyping and revealing novel organizational principles; complementing this, a publicly available website is released to provide outside analysis and visualization of hippocampal RNA-seq data in an accessible fashion.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Testis single-cell RNA-seq reveals the dynamics of de novo gene transcription and germline mutational bias in Drosophila

    Evan Witt et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing and germline substitutions provide novel insights into how testis is a hotspot for evolutionary innovation of genes, expression, and mutation at the single-cell level.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    SRSF3 promotes pluripotency through Nanog mRNA export and coordination of the pluripotency gene expression program

    Madara Ratnadiwakara et al.
    RNA-binding protein SRSF3 mediates critical changes in RNA processing of pluripotency genes, which reveals functional consequences of regulated RNA processing during stem cell self-renewal and early development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis RNA processing factor SERRATE regulates the transcription of intronless genes

    Corinna Speth et al.
    Arabidopsis RNA processing factor SERRATE associates with the chromatin of intronless genes, which are usually expressed at low levels, to enhance polymerase II association.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    The kinetics of pre-mRNA splicing in the Drosophila genome and the influence of gene architecture

    Athma A Pai et al.
    Surprising connections between gene architecture and splicing kinetics are illuminated using short, progressive metabolic labeling/RNA sequencing and novel computational modeling approaches in Drosophila cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    p50-associated COX-2 extragenic RNA (PACER) activates COX-2 gene expression by occluding repressive NF-κB complexes

    Michal Krawczyk, Beverly M Emerson
    A long non-coding RNA removes the transcriptional repressor p50 to regulate recruitment of co-activator p300 and RNA Polymerase II complexes to activate the COX-2 gene in human mammary epithelial cells and macrophages.

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