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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    p50-associated COX-2 extragenic RNA (PACER) activates COX-2 gene expression by occluding repressive NF-κB complexes

    Michal Krawczyk, Beverly M Emerson
    A long non-coding RNA removes the transcriptional repressor p50 to regulate recruitment of co-activator p300 and RNA Polymerase II complexes to activate the COX-2 gene in human mammary epithelial cells and macrophages.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Beyond protein-coding genes

    Anna Lozano-Ureña, Sacri R Ferrón
    A long non-coding RNA called lnc-NR2F1 regulates several neuronal genes, including some involved in autism and intellectual disabilities.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Emerging Technology: Concerning RNA-guided gene drives for the alteration of wild populations

    Kevin M Esvelt et al.
    Combining CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing with gene drives may enable scientists to reversibly edit the genomes of diverse wild populations, an advance that could help eliminate diseases, support sustainable agriculture, and control invasive species.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Spen links RNA-mediated endogenous retrovirus silencing and X chromosome inactivation

    Ava C Carter et al.
    A long noncoding RNA uses viral mimicry to achieve developmental gene silencing across a chromosome.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The C. elegans neural editome reveals an ADAR target mRNA required for proper chemotaxis

    Sarah N Deffit et al.
    Identification of tissue-specific RNA editing using a robust, publicly-available platform (SAILOR) reveals noncoding A-to-I editing events required for proper gene expression and neurological function, significantly advancing the understanding of how ADARs function in neural cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    RNA Polymerase II cluster dynamics predict mRNA output in living cells

    Won-Ki Cho et al.
    Quantitative super resolution imaging, in live mammalian cells, reveals a direct relationship between protein clustering dynamics and the number of mRNA transcribed at an endogenous gene locus.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Condensin controls cellular RNA levels through the accurate segregation of chromosomes instead of directly regulating transcription

    Clémence Hocquet et al.
    Contrary to the generally accepted model, condensin maintains proper gene expression by promoting the accurate segregation of chromosomes and the partitioning of the RNA-exosome throughout mitosis, instead of directly regulating transcription.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gene network analysis identifies a central post-transcriptional regulator of cellular stress survival

    Matthew Tien et al.
    A gene network analysis approach reveals a conserved small regulatory RNA that is crucial for bacterial cell survival across distinct stress conditions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Cancer Biology

    Pervasive transcription read-through promotes aberrant expression of oncogenes and RNA chimeras in renal carcinoma

    Ana R Grosso et al.
    Transcription beyond annotated gene boundaries expands the diversity of the cancer transcriptome with overexpressed oncogenes and RNA chimeras.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Requirement for highly efficient pre-mRNA splicing during Drosophila early embryonic development

    Leonardo Gastón Guilgur et al.
    The need for efficient pre-RNA splicing during early embryonic development of Drosophila indicates that the constraints imposed by the cell cycle are a force capable of driving changes in Eukaryotic gene architecture.