The dual control of adiposity and longevity emerges from a latent intestinal feedback loop which simultaneously augments fat loss and shields lifespan from the deleterious effects of continuous fat oxidation.
Metabolic activity of the methionine/S-adenosylmethionine cycle is sensed and transcriptionally regulated by a nuclear hormone receptor in Caenorhabditis elegans in order to maintain metabolic homeostasis in a tightly controlled regime.
HCO3–-sensitive regulation of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation by receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase RPTPγ provides a novel mechanism for acid-base-mediated coordination of cerebrovascular perfusion during increased local metabolism and for protection against ischemia.
Without ribosome recycling factor, ribosomes in Escherichia coli accumulate in 3'-UTRs and queue upstream of stop codons, but no effects were observed on the translational coupling of neighboring genes.
Combination of glutaminase inhibitor CB-839 and ASCT2 inhibitor V-9302 showed efficient antitumor effect against glutamine addicted liver cancer cells via glutathione depletion and reactive oxygen species (ROS) induction.
Colorectal tumors down-regulate the mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+/Li+ exchanger (NCLX) to alter mitochondrial Ca2+ signaling and initiate transcriptional and metabolic reprogramming that drives tumor chemo-resistance and metastasis.
Cell-type-specific ribosome profiling during prion disease progression identified minor translational changes in neurons as well as profound glia changes many of which are shared with other neurodegenerative diseases.