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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Analysis of the crystal structure of an active MCM hexamer

    Justin M Miller et al.
    Building on previous work (Froelich et al., 2014), we present the X-ray crystal structure of an active MCM hexamer, which suggests a mechanism for MCM regulation and demonstrates a key interaction between the major domains.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial modulation of visual responses arises in cortex with active navigation

    E Mika Diamanti et al.
    Spatial modulation along the visual pathway arises in the cortex and strengthens with active navigation and experience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Active information maintenance in working memory by a sensory cortex

    Xiaoxing Zhang et al.
    Delay-period activity of anterior piriform cortex is important for working memory tasks requiring active maintenance and encodes the maintained information.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    CRISPR/Cas9 and active genetics-based trans-species replacement of the endogenous Drosophila kni-L2 CRM reveals unexpected complexity

    Xiang-Ru Shannon Xu et al.
    Dissection of a cis-regulatory element (CRM) in its native chromosomal context using CRISPR/Cas9 editing and novel 'Active Genetics' reveals new features of CRM function and insights into how such regulatory elements change during evolution.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hair follicle epidermal stem cells define a niche for tactile sensation

    Chun-Chun Cheng et al.
    Heterogeneous epidermal stem cells define a niche for tactile sensation via providing a unique ECM and tissue architecture for nerves, revealing their new functions in coordinated sensory organ formation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Active torque generation by the actomyosin cell cortex drives left–right symmetry breaking

    Sundar Ram Naganathan et al.
    The actomyosin cytoskeleton generates active chiral torques that lead to left-right asymmetry in C. elegans embryos.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Extraction of active RhoGTPases by RhoGDI regulates spatiotemporal patterning of RhoGTPases

    Adriana E Golding et al.
    Through visualization of directly-labeled RhoGTPase both in vitro and in vivo, RhoGDI is found to spatiotemporally regulate RhoGTPase activity through the extraction of active RhoGTPase.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nanoscale dynamics of synaptic vesicle trafficking and fusion at the presynaptic active zone

    Thirumalini Vaithianathan et al.
    A combination of tethered diffusion of release-ready synaptic vesicles and vesicle-vesicle fusion supports neurotransmitter release at the presynaptic active zone of sensory synapses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Active and water-soluble form of lipidated Wnt protein is maintained by a serum glycoprotein afamin/α-albumin

    Emiko Mihara et al.
    Lipidated and highly hydrophobic Wnt ligands form a complex with the serum glycoprotein afamin, and can be purified and stored in a biologically active form without detergents.
    1. Cell Biology

    Apolipoprotein L-1 renal risk variants form active channels at the plasma membrane driving cytotoxicity

    Joseph A Giovinazzo et al.
    Cytotoxicity associated with APOL1 renal-risk variants occurs through its plasma-membrane localization, where aberrant channel activity drives a sustained sodium and calcium influx leading to cell swelling and eventually cell death.