781 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The AAA protein Msp1 mediates clearance of excess tail-anchored proteins from the peroxisomal membrane

    Nicholas R Weir et al.
    Msp1, a membrane-integral AAA ATPase at mitochondria and peroxisomes, selectively recognizes uncomplexed substrate molecules in vivo while avoiding substrates stabilized by binding partners.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Multiple selection filters ensure accurate tail-anchored membrane protein targeting

    Meera Rao et al.
    Biochemical dissections show that the Guided Entry of Tail Anchored proteins (GET) pathway selects ER-destined tail-anchored proteins using at least two distinct molecular mechanisms, each recognizing a distinct physicochemical feature in the substrate.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cooperation of mitochondrial and ER factors in quality control of tail-anchored proteins

    Verena Dederer et al.
    The endoplasmic reticulum E3 ubiquitin ligase Doa10 and the mitochondrial AAA-ATPase Msp1 govern targeting fidelity of outer mitochondrial tail-anchored proteins by controlling cytoplasmic concentration and extracting mistargeted and orphan species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    An engineered transcriptional reporter of protein localization identifies regulators of mitochondrial and ER membrane protein trafficking in high-throughput CRISPRi screens

    Robert Coukos et al.
    HiLITR is a molecular reporter of protein localization that enables straightforward, large-scale, fluorescence-activated cell sorting-based discovery of genes that regulate complex cellular processes, such as mitochondrial and ER tail-anchored protein trafficking.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Retro-2 protects cells from ricin toxicity by inhibiting ASNA1-mediated ER targeting and insertion of tail-anchored proteins

    David W Morgens et al.
    Using a suite of CRISPR technologies, unique chemical tools, and carefully designed biochemical and cell biological assays, we define the mechanism of action of Retro-2, an inhibitor of retrograde toxins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the AAA protein Msp1 reveals mechanism of mislocalized membrane protein extraction

    Lan Wang et al.
    Msp1 recruits substrates at the open seam of the spiral oligomer and extracts them with functionally adapted elements.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Role of the pre-initiation complex in Mediator recruitment and dynamics

    Elisabeth R Knoll et al.
    Genome-wide recruitment of Mediator and Pol II is reduced in yeast lacking the Med2-Med3-Med15 tail module triad, and Mediator association with gene promoters depends on Pol II, Taf1, and TBP.
    1. Cell Biology

    Competition between kinesin-1 and myosin-V defines Drosophila posterior determination

    Wen Lu et al.
    Posterior determination of Drosophila oocyte is defined by competition between kinesin-1 removing posterior determinants from the cortex and myosin-V anchoring them.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Stromule extension along microtubules coordinated with actin-mediated anchoring guides perinuclear chloroplast movement during innate immunity

    Amutha Sampath Kumar et al.
    Stromules induced during plant innate immunity dynamically interact and use the cytoskeleton to form and to direct the movement of chloroplasts.
    1. Cell Biology

    Selective clearance of the inner nuclear membrane protein emerin by vesicular transport during ER stress

    Abigail Buchwalter et al.
    Emerin, a protein that plays key roles in nuclear organization, can be dynamically degraded in response to environmental stimuli such as ER stress.

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