493 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Multiple selection filters ensure accurate tail-anchored membrane protein targeting

    Meera Rao et al.
    Biochemical dissections show that the Guided Entry of Tail Anchored proteins (GET) pathway selects ER-destined tail-anchored proteins using at least two distinct molecular mechanisms, each recognizing a distinct physicochemical feature in the substrate.
    1. Cell Biology

    The AAA protein Msp1 mediates clearance of excess tail-anchored proteins from the peroxisomal membrane

    Nicholas R Weir et al.
    Msp1, a membrane-integral AAA ATPase at mitochondria and peroxisomes, selectively recognizes uncomplexed substrate molecules in vivo while avoiding substrates stabilized by binding partners.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cooperation of mitochondrial and ER factors in quality control of tail-anchored proteins

    Verena Dederer et al.
    The endoplasmic reticulum E3 ubiquitin ligase Doa10 and the mitochondrial AAA-ATPase Msp1 govern targeting fidelity of outer mitochondrial tail-anchored proteins by controlling cytoplasmic concentration and extracting mistargeted and orphan species.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Retro-2 protects cells from ricin toxicity by inhibiting ASNA1-mediated ER targeting and insertion of tail-anchored proteins

    David W Morgens et al.
    Using a suite of CRISPR technologies, unique chemical tools, and carefully designed biochemical and cell biological assays, we define the mechanism of action of Retro-2, an inhibitor of retrograde toxins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the AAA protein Msp1 reveals mechanism of mislocalized membrane protein extraction

    Lan Wang et al.
    Msp1 recruits substrates at the open seam of the spiral oligomer and extracts them with functionally adapted elements.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: An organismal perspective on C. intestinalis development, origins and diversification

    Matthew J Kourakis, William C Smith
    The life cycle and morphology of the sea squirt Ciona intestinalis shed light on vertebrate evolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Membrane Structures: Cellular fingers take hold

    Yukiko M Yamashita
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A conserved quality-control pathway that mediates degradation of unassembled ribosomal proteins

    Min-Kyung Sung et al.
    Tom1 is the ubiquitin ligase in yeast that anchors a protein quality control pathway that rapidly eliminates ribosomal proteins that fail to assemble into ribosomes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Actomyosin regulation by Eph receptor signaling couples boundary cell formation to border sharpness

    Jordi Cayuso et al.
    Boundary cell identity and sharpening of borders are coupled in hindbrain development since both are regulated by mechanical tension.

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