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Page 2 of 507
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Effect of malaria parasite shape on its alignment at erythrocyte membrane

    Anil K Dasanna et al.
    A numerical model of malaria parasite adhesion to an erythrocyte shows that the original egg-like shape of merozoites is more robust than other shapes in negotiating various physiological conditions during the alignment process upon erythrocyte invasion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Novel LOTUS-domain proteins are organizational hubs that recruit C. elegans Vasa to germ granules

    Patricia Giselle Cipriani et al.
    Two novel LOTUS-domain proteins are core germ granule components that directly recruit Caenorhabditis elegans Vasa, regulate germ granule size and localization, and provide an organizational framework for ribonucleoprotein complexes.
    1. Neuroscience

    An hourglass circuit motif transforms a motor program via subcellularly localized muscle calcium signaling and contraction

    Steven R Sando et al.
    By driving the localized contraction of subcellular muscle regions, a single motor neuron reverses the flow of material in the Caenorhabditis elegans pharynx, a neuromuscular pump, converting feeding into spitting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value signals guide abstraction during learning

    Aurelio Cortese et al.
    Valuation of sensory information in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex plays a key function in constructing the abstract representations that guide complex behaviours.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pharmacological rescue of impaired mitophagy in Parkinson’s disease-related LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice

    Francois Singh et al.
    The most common Parkinson’s disease-associated mutation, LRRK2 G2019S, impairs mitophagy in clinically relevant cells within the mouse brain and this defect can be reversed using a novel LRRK2 inhibitor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Instability in NAD+ metabolism leads to impaired cardiac mitochondrial function and communication

    Knut H Lauritzen et al.
    Transgenic mice and cell models provide evidence of a pathophysiological mechanism that connects mtDNA damage to cardiac dysfunction via reduced NAD+ levels and loss of mitochondrial function and communication.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    EPHX1 mutations cause a lipoatrophic diabetes syndrome due to impaired epoxide hydrolysis and increased cellular senescence

    Jeremie Gautheron et al.
    Disruption of epoxide hydrolysis inducing oxidative stress and cellular senescence is a novel mechanism responsible for lipoatrophic monogenic diabetes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interpreting wide-band neural activity using convolutional neural networks

    Markus Frey et al.
    A novel deep-learning framework shows how to interpret and decode raw neural recordings, avoiding the need for strong prior hypotheses, revealing a novel representation of head direction.
    1. Ecology

    Rapid spread of a densovirus in a major crop pest following wide-scale adoption of Bt-cotton in China

    Yutao Xiao et al.
    Exposure to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) selects for beneficial interactions between the target insect pest (Helicoverpa armigera) and its symbiotic densovirus that enhances its performance on Bt-crops under field conditions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Role of BRCA2 DNA-binding and C-terminal domain in its mobility and conformation in DNA repair

    Maarten W Paul et al.
    Highly conserved C-terminal domains of the tumor suppressor BRCA2 are not essential for accumulation at damaged DNA but affect conformation and cell survival, implying roles beyond delivering strand-exchange protein RAD51.