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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Cas4-Cas1-Cas2 complex mediates precise prespacer processing during CRISPR adaptation

    Hayun Lee et al.
    During CRISPR adaptation, Cas4 forms a ternary complex with the Cas1-Cas2 spacer integration complex, an interaction that coordinates substrate hand-off following precise, PAM-dependent prespacer processing prior to integration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatiotemporal organization of branched microtubule networks

    Akanksha Thawani et al.
    A sequential reaction pathway involving TPX2, augmin and γ-TuRC governs the assembly and architecture of branched microtubule networks.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    In-depth human plasma proteome analysis captures tissue proteins and transfer of protein variants across the placenta

    Maria Pernemalm et al.
    Comprehensive mass spectrometry analysis of human plasma proteome reveals tissue leakage proteins, describes variability between individual plasma proteomes and demonstrates protein transfer across the placenta during pregnancy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elevated synaptic vesicle release probability in synaptophysin/gyrin family quadruple knockouts

    Mathan K Raja et al.
    Synaptophysins and gyrins dampen synaptic strength selectively at low frequencies, hinting that synaptic transmission may play a frequency filtering role in biological computation that is more general than currently envisioned.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Microsecond sub-domain motions and the folding and misfolding of the mouse prion protein

    Rama Reddy Goluguri et al.
    Native state dynamics of mouse prion protein were measured, and these motions were shown to be having a role in initiation of aggregation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Precise excitation-inhibition balance controls gain and timing in the hippocampus

    Aanchal Bhatia et al.
    Delayed inhibition precisely balances excitation from arbitrary combinations of CA3 neurons and controls the gain of CA1 output by reducing inhibitory delay with increasing excitation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Tight bending of the Ndc80 complex provides intrinsic regulation of its binding to microtubules

    Emily Anne Scarborough et al.
    Flexibility of Ndc80 provides an inherent mode of regulation for the conserved kinetochore complex, unique from well-studied phospho-regulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel class of inferior colliculus principal neurons labeled in vasoactive intestinal peptide-Cre mice

    David Goyer et al.
    VIP neurons are a novel class of inferior colliculus stellate neurons that project to long-range auditory and non-auditory targets and integrate inputs from the auditory brainstem and contralateral IC.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Yap1 promotes sprouting and proliferation of lymphatic progenitors downstream of Vegfc in the zebrafish trunk

    Lin Grimm et al.
    Genetic studies reveal a role for Yap1 in lymphatic endothelial progenitor cell sprouting and proliferation during early zebrafish lymphatic vascular development.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgE-mediated mast cell activation promotes inflammation and cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis

    Qian Wang et al.
    Osteoarthritis pathogenesis is driven by IgE-mediated mast cell activation.