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    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Modulation of the Erwinia ligand-gated ion channel (ELIC) and the 5-HT3 receptor via a common vestibule site

    Marijke Brams et al.
    Development of nanobodies against a model pentameric ligand-gated ion channel demonstrates they can be functionally active as negative or positive allosteric modulators and offers opportunities for future drug development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noninvasive quantification of axon radii using diffusion MRI

    Jelle Veraart et al.
    Cell-specific architectural properties such as the axon diameter of the white matter of the human brain can be quantified accurately and non-invasively using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RNA polymerase mutations cause cephalosporin resistance in clinical Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates

    Samantha G Palace et al.
    Ceftriaxone resistance has arisen multiple times in clinical gonococcal populations via previously undescribed RNA polymerase mutations, underscoring the importance of continued surveillance for novel resistance determinants.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionarily unique mechanistic framework of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in plants

    Madhumitha Narasimhan et al.
    The examination of the ultra-structure and in vivo dynamics of endocytosis in plants reveal plants unique actin-independent, clathrin-mediated endocytosis mechanisms to overcome their unique physiological properties.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Notochord vacuoles absorb compressive bone growth during zebrafish spine formation

    Jennifer Bagwell et al.
    Live imaging and genetic analyses revealed that notochord vacuoles play a critical role in spine morphogenesis by absorbing vertebral bone growth, thus implicating notochord mechanics in congenital scoliosis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinesin Kif2C in regulation of DNA double strand break dynamics and repair

    Songli Zhu et al.
    Kinesin Kif2C is recruited to DNA damage sites, modulates the mobility and dynamics of DNA damage foci, and promotes DNA double strand break repair.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Casein kinase 1 dynamics underlie substrate selectivity and the PER2 circadian phosphoswitch

    Jonathan M Philpott et al.
    A conformational switch in the Casein Kinase 1 activation loop controls substrate preference to regulate the abundance of the clock protein PERIOD2 and circadian timekeeping.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Small-molecule G-quadruplex stabilizers reveal a novel pathway of autophagy regulation in neurons

    Jose F Moruno-Manchon et al.
    G-quadruplex DNA regulates autophagy in neurons.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    A gut bacterial amyloid promotes α-synuclein aggregation and motor impairment in mice

    Timothy R Sampson et al.
    Production of an amyloid protein by bacteria within the gut microbiome can influence the pathophysiology of a mouse model of synucleinopathy.