428 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Sucrose intensity coding and decision-making in rat gustatory cortices

    Esmeralda Fonseca et al.
    The neural representation of perceived sucrose intensity was contained in the firing rate and spike-timing of a 'small' population of neurons distributed across the Insula and Orbitofrontal taste cortices.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ir56d-dependent fatty acid responses in Drosophila uncover taste discrimination between different classes of fatty acids

    Elizabeth B Brown et al.
    The taste system of fruit flies is activated by broad classes of fatty acids and can discriminate between different classes, revealing previously underappreciated complexity in the coding of tastants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic reinforcement learning for integrating reward collection and physiological stability

    Mehdi Keramati, Boris Gutkin
    A mathematical model built around the assumption that the desire to maintain internal homeostasis drives the behavior of animals, by affecting their learning processes, can explain many real-world behaviors, including some that might otherwise appear irrational.
    1. Neuroscience

    Closed-loop optogenetic activation of peripheral or central neurons modulates feeding in freely moving Drosophila

    Pierre-Yves Musso et al.
    The Sip-Triggered Optogenetic Behavior Enclosure (STROBE) produces robust behaviors via activation of peripheral or central neurons in the fly, and mimics key features of feeding driven by chemical taste ligands.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    CLAMP and Zelda function together to promote Drosophila zygotic genome activation

    Jingyue Duan et al.
    Maternal CLAMP functions as a novel pioneer transcription factor to open chromatin and plays a targeted yet essential role in Drosophila zygotic genome activation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cross-talk between individual phenol-soluble modulins in Staphylococcus aureus biofilm enables rapid and efficient amyloid formation

    Masihuz Zaman, Maria Andreasen
    Inter-molecular cross-seeding between phenol-soluble modulins facilitates rapid and efficient self-assembly in Staphylococcus aureus biofilms revealing a complex molecular interplay between distinct phenol-soluble modulins orchestrating functional amyloid formation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Phenotypic diversity and temporal variability in a bacterial signaling network revealed by single-cell FRET

    Johannes M Keegstra et al.
    Noise in a signaling network comprising thousands of molecules shapes diversity across cell populations and generates giant temporal fluctuations at the single-cell level.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Removing physiological motion from intravital and clinical functional imaging data

    Sean C Warren et al.
    Image-based motion correction enables the use of fluorescence lifetime and other functional imaging modalities in an intravital and clinical context in the presence of physiological motion.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Onset of taste bud cell renewal starts at birth and coincides with a shift in SHH function

    Erin J Golden et al.
    Taste cell renewal begins at birth and is promoted by sonic hedgehog that alters the expression of regulators of cell migration and adhesion that may allow entry of new cells into buds.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Environment determines evolutionary trajectory in a constrained phenotypic space

    David T Fraebel et al.
    Experimental evolution shows that when selection acts on two traits constrained by a trade-off, the direction of phenotypic evolution depends on the environment.

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