151 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Controlling motor neurons of every muscle for fly proboscis reaching

    Claire E McKellar et al.
    A new collection of fly strains comprehensively targets the motor neurons of the proboscis, allowing separate control of every muscle to determine how this appendage achieves flexible, directed reaching.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dietary sugar inhibits satiation by decreasing the central processing of sweet taste

    Christina E May et al.
    Taste-dependent satiation, which induces proper cessation of feeding in mammals as well as insects, is weakened by sugar-diet-driven taste impairment in the fruit fly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuits that encode and guide alcohol-associated preference

    Kristin M Scaplen et al.
    Alcohol modifies dopaminergic microcircuits required for acquisition and expression of sensory memories in Drosophila resulting in a shift in behavioral response from malleable to inflexible.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The natverse, a versatile toolbox for combining and analysing neuroanatomical data

    Alexander Shakeel Bates et al.
    Open source software enables neuroscientists to integrate single neuron or synaptic-resolution datasets from different imaging modalities to analyse morphology and connectivity at the scale of whole brains and connectomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms of competitive selection: A canonical neural circuit framework

    Shreesh P Mysore, Ninad B Kothari
    A first principles, neuro-computational framework proposes a path for the experimental dissection of neural circuit mechanisms of competitive selection across brain areas and animal species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acetylcholine acts on songbird premotor circuitry to invigorate vocal output

    Paul I Jaffe, Michael S Brainard
    The neuromodulator acetylcholine contributes to state-dependent modulation of motor vigor and variability by direct action on songbird premotor cortex, bypassing basal ganglia circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Probabilistic, spinally-gated control of bladder pressure and autonomous micturition by Barrington’s nucleus CRH neurons

    Hiroki Ito et al.
    Ponto-spinal CRH neurons in Barrington’s nucleus are a core component of an inferential circuit that regulates autonomous micturition and generates voids when the bladder is full.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Caenorhabditis elegans processes sensory information to choose between freeloading and self-defense strategies

    Jodie A Schiffer et al.
    C. elegans nematodes use a sensory-neuronal circuit to determine whether to defend themselves from hydrogen peroxide attack or to freeload off orthologous protective defenses from bacteria in their surrounding environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporally precise optogenetic activation of sensory neurons in freely walking Drosophila

    Brian D DeAngelis et al.
    A simple, computationally efficient method provides spatiotemporally precise optogenetic perturbations in freely walking Drosophila, revealing the asymmetries and region-specificity of behavioral programs evoked by activating mechanosensory and chemosensory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Opponent regulation of action performance and timing by striatonigral and striatopallidal pathways

    Konstantin I Bakhurin et al.
    Direct and indirect pathways in the basal ganglia have opposing effects not only on action performance but also on internal timing of expected reward delivery.

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