543 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolutionary shifts in taste coding in the fruit pest Drosophila suzukii

    Hany KM Dweck et al.
    The evolutionary transition of the agricultural pest Drosophila suzukii to egg laying on ripe fruits was paralleled with several gustatory innovations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sucrose intensity coding and decision-making in rat gustatory cortices

    Esmeralda Fonseca et al.
    The neural representation of perceived sucrose intensity was contained in the firing rate and spike-timing of a 'small' population of neurons distributed across the Insula and Orbitofrontal taste cortices.
    1. Neuroscience

    A complex peripheral code for salt taste in Drosophila

    Alexandria H Jaeger et al.
    Unlike other taste modalities, the Drosophila taste system encodes salt taste combinatorially across multiple sensory neuron classes, which combine to produce behavioural valence and plasticity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    A receptor and neuron that activate a circuit limiting sucrose consumption

    Ryan M Joseph et al.
    Although sugar-sensing taste neurons typically promote feeding, a taste neuron in the Drosophila pharynx limits feeding via the IR60b receptor; thus, revealing a new element in the circuit logic of feeding control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning the specific quality of taste reinforcement in larval Drosophila

    Michael Schleyer et al.
    The finding that fly maggots, equipped with only 10,000 neurons, process reinforcement not only by value but also by specific quality reveals a basic operating principle of brains and challenges current models of memory organization.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ir56d-dependent fatty acid responses in Drosophila uncover taste discrimination between different classes of fatty acids

    Elizabeth B Brown et al.
    The taste system of fruit flies is activated by broad classes of fatty acids and can discriminate between different classes, revealing previously underappreciated complexity in the coding of tastants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Closed-loop optogenetic activation of peripheral or central neurons modulates feeding in freely moving Drosophila

    Pierre-Yves Musso et al.
    The Sip-Triggered Optogenetic Behavior Enclosure (STROBE) produces robust behaviors via activation of peripheral or central neurons in the fly, and mimics key features of feeding driven by chemical taste ligands.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The natverse, a versatile toolbox for combining and analysing neuroanatomical data

    Alexander Shakeel Bates et al.
    Open source software enables neuroscientists to integrate single neuron or synaptic-resolution datasets from different imaging modalities to analyse morphology and connectivity at the scale of whole brains and connectomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    An hourglass circuit motif transforms a motor program via subcellularly localized muscle calcium signaling and contraction

    Steven R Sando et al.
    By driving the localized contraction of subcellular muscle regions, a single motor neuron reverses the flow of material in the Caenorhabditis elegans pharynx, a neuromuscular pump, converting feeding into spitting.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Single nuclei RNA-seq of mouse placental labyrinth development

    Bryan Marsh, Robert Blelloch
    A time-course of single nuclei RNA-seq of the mouse placenta identifies trophoblast subtypes and the genes, signaling events, and transcriptional networks important for their differentiation, maintenance, and function.

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