370 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal premammillary projection to periaqueductal gray controls escape vigor from innate and conditioned threats

    Weisheng Wang et al.
    Activity in the hypothalamic dorsal premammillary nucleus predicts future escape from threat, represents escape velocity, and controls escape velocity via a projection to the brainstem.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The dual role of amyloid-β-sheet sequences in the cell surface properties of FLO11-encoded flocculins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Clara Bouyx et al.
    The role of amyloid-β-aggregation sequence and of the various domains in the physiological function of the FLO11-encoded adhesin in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are disclosed in this report.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Characterization of the ABC methionine transporter from Neisseria meningitidis reveals that lipidated MetQ is required for interaction

    Naima G Sharaf et al.
    NmMetQ is a lipoprotein that tethers to membranes via a lipid anchor and has dual function and localization, playing a role in NmMetNI-mediated transport at the inner membrane and moonlighting on the bacterial surface.
    1. Neuroscience

    Correction of amblyopia in cats and mice after the critical period

    Ming-fai Fong et al.
    Visual impairment caused by monocular deprivation early in life can be reversed rapidly at older ages by temporarily blocking all activity in the non-deprived eye.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Host-associated microbe PCR (hamPCR) enables convenient measurement of both microbial load and community composition

    Derek S Lundberg et al.
    hamPCR is a cost-effective and transformative amplicon sequencing strategy to describe microbiota composition and measure its overall abundance, applicable to all samples in which host and microbial DNA are co-extracted.
    1. Neuroscience

    An hourglass circuit motif transforms a motor program via subcellularly localized muscle calcium signaling and contraction

    Steven R Sando et al.
    By driving the localized contraction of subcellular muscle regions, a single motor neuron reverses the flow of material in the Caenorhabditis elegans pharynx, a neuromuscular pump, converting feeding into spitting.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    NICEdrug.ch, a workflow for rational drug design and systems-level analysis of drug metabolism

    Homa MohammadiPeyhani et al.
    NICEdrug.ch is a resource allowing systematic and large-scale computational analysis of drug biochemistry, enzymatic targets, and toxicity in the context of cellular metabolism.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Expansion of CD10neg neutrophils and CD14+HLA-DRneg/low monocytes driving proinflammatory responses in patients with acute myocardial infarction

    Daniela Fraccarollo et al.
    Immature CD10neg neutrophils and CD14+HLA-DRneg/low monocytes inducing proinflammatory and adaptive immune responses emerge in patients with large acute myocardial infarction.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Identification of drugs associated with reduced severity of COVID-19 – a case-control study in a large population

    Ariel Israel et al.
    Large-scale retrospective analysis suggests medications and dietary supplements, such as rosuvastatin, ezetimibe, ubiquinone, risedronate, vitamin D, and magnesium, are associated with a lower rate of severe COVID-19 disease.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Mendelian randomization analysis provides causality of smoking on the expression of ACE2, a putative SARS-CoV-2 receptor

    Hui Liu et al.
    Smoking, measured by both initiation and intensity, are significantly associated with an elevated expression level of ACE2 in multiple human tissues/organs, subsequently increasing the susceptibility and severity of COVID-19.

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