616 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A complex peripheral code for salt taste in Drosophila

    Alexandria H Jaeger et al.
    Unlike other taste modalities, the Drosophila taste system encodes salt taste combinatorially across multiple sensory neuron classes, which combine to produce behavioural valence and plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bitter taste receptors confer diverse functions to neurons

    Rebecca Delventhal, John R Carlson
    Expression of Drosophila bitter receptors in taste neurons produced increased, decreased, or novel responses, supporting a model in which the response profile is determined by activation, inhibition, or competition among receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sucrose intensity coding and decision-making in rat gustatory cortices

    Esmeralda Fonseca et al.
    The neural representation of perceived sucrose intensity was contained in the firing rate and spike-timing of a 'small' population of neurons distributed across the Insula and Orbitofrontal taste cortices.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolutionary shifts in taste coding in the fruit pest Drosophila suzukii

    Hany KM Dweck et al.
    The evolutionary transition of the agricultural pest Drosophila suzukii to egg laying on ripe fruits was paralleled with several gustatory innovations.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Taste bud formation depends on taste nerves

    Di Fan et al.
    The sensory nerves that carry sensations from the taste buds to the brain induce the formation of the taste buds in the embryo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Closed-loop optogenetic activation of peripheral or central neurons modulates feeding in freely moving Drosophila

    Pierre-Yves Musso et al.
    The Sip-Triggered Optogenetic Behavior Enclosure (STROBE) produces robust behaviors via activation of peripheral or central neurons in the fly, and mimics key features of feeding driven by chemical taste ligands.
    1. Neuroscience

    optoPAD, a closed-loop optogenetics system to study the circuit basis of feeding behaviors

    José-Maria Moreira et al.
    The optoPAD system combines real-time behavioral analysis with optogenetic manipulations to study how animals adapt to dynamic gustatory environments and to identify the circuit basis of feeding.
    1. Ecology

    A gustatory receptor tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

    Ke Yang et al.
    The gustatory receptor PxylGr34 is tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide and mediates the deterrent effects of brassinolide on feeding and ovipositing behaviors in Plutella xylostella.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cells and fluid flow drive cyst formation in an invertebrate excretory organ

    Hanh Thi-Kim Vu et al.
    Planarians provide evidence for a common evolutionary origin of vertebrate and invertebrate excretory systems and provide a novel experimental model to study human kidney diseases.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Shearing in flow environment promotes evolution of social behavior in microbial populations

    Gurdip Uppal, Dervis Can Vural
    Shearing in fluid flow induces or enhances budding dispersal in microbial populations, resulting in stronger cooperative behavior.

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