3,072 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flatworm-specific transcriptional regulators promote the specification of tegumental progenitors in Schistosoma mansoni

    George R Wendt et al.
    The specification of tegumental progenitor cells in Schistosoma mansoni relies on a pair of flatworm-specific transcription factors that are related to genes regulating epidermal specification in free-living flatworms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurofascin and Kv7.3 are delivered to somatic and axon terminal surface membranes en route to the axon initial segment

    Aniket Ghosh et al.
    Neuronal neurofascin takes a surprisingly circuitous route in the neuronal plasma membrane to the axon initial segment where it stabilises ion channel complexes responsible for initiating action potentials.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Theoretical relation between axon initial segment geometry and excitability

    Sarah Goethals, Romain Brette
    Theoretical analysis uncovers the impact of axon initial segment plasticity on neural excitability.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Primary cilia deficiency in neural crest cells models anterior segment dysgenesis in mouse

    Céline Portal et al.
    Primary cilia of neural crest-derived cells mediate Indian hedgehog-induced signal transduction in the periocular mesenchyme and are required for normal anterior segment development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    The yin–yang of kinase activation and unfolding explains the peculiarity of Val600 in the activation segment of BRAF

    Christina Kiel et al.
    The V600E mutation in BRAF is a cancer hot spot because it opens the activation segment through destabilization of autoinhibitory interactions, but it does not significantly impair folding of the inactive or active kinase domain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subretinal mononuclear phagocytes induce cone segment loss via IL-1β

    Chiara M Eandi et al.
    IL-1β release from macrophages might be responsible for the unexplained cone segment loss in retinal degenerative diseases that are associated with subretinal inflammation, such as retinitis pigmentosa or geographic atrophy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Breakage of the oligomeric CaMKII hub by the regulatory segment of the kinase

    Deepti Karandur et al.
    Activation and autophosphorylation of CaMKII releases the regulatory segment, which can then bind to and destabilize the hub assembly by trapping large fluctuations in the hub architecture.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tropical Disease: Dissecting the schistosome cloak

    Carolyn E Adler
    Two proteins required for the growth of a skin-like structure called the tegument in parasitic flatworms could be new targets for drugs to kill these parasites.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Ripply2 recruits proteasome complex for Tbx6 degradation to define segment border during murine somitogenesis

    Wei Zhao et al.
    Inducing presomitic mesoderm (PSM)-fated ES cells clarified that Ripply2 directly interacts with Tbx6 and degrades Tbx6 in proteasome-ubiquitin pathway by recruiting the 26S proteasome, which is a PSM-specific event to define the segment border during mouse somitogenesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CryoEM structures of open dimers of gyrase A in complex with DNA illuminate mechanism of strand passage

    Katarzyna M Soczek et al.
    CryoEM structures of open gyrase A dimers and DNA in two states representing steps either prior to or after passage through the DNA-gate, show where a putative T-segment is found.

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