313 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Cell Biology

    Aging, Geroscience and Longevity: A Special Issue

    Edited by Matt Kaeberlein et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of aging and interventions that extend longevity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse brain transcriptome responses to inhaled nanoparticulate matter differed by sex and APOE in Nrf2-Nfkb interactions

    Amin Haghani et al.
    Transcriptome analysis of mouse brain revealed that the APOE4 allele and sex can alter air pollution neurotoxicity in adults.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Lactate-mediated epigenetic reprogramming regulates formation of human pancreatic cancer-associated fibroblasts

    Tushar D Bhagat et al.
    Lactate in pancreatic cancer micro-environment can lead to TET enzyme activation and loss of DNA methylation seen in cancer associated fibroblasts.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing factors Sf3A2 and Prp31 have direct roles in mitotic chromosome segregation

    Claudia Pellacani et al.
    Extensive cytological and biochemical analyses show that the conserved Sf3A2 and Prp31 splicing factors bind microtubules and the Ndc80 complex, playing direct mitotic functions in both Drosophila and human mitosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Fcp1 phosphatase controls Greatwall kinase to promote PP2A-B55 activation and mitotic progression

    Rosa Della Monica et al.
    The phosphatase Fcp1 inactivates Greatwall kinase at the end of mitosis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of the scale-up of piped water on urogenital schistosomiasis infection in rural South Africa

    Frank Tanser et al.
    Scale-up of safe water supplies decreases a child's risk of urogenital schistosomiasis infection by eight-fold in a typical rural African population.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Suppressing proteasome mediated processing of topoisomerase II DNA-protein complexes preserves genome integrity

    Nicholas Sciascia et al.
    Analysis of genome integrity in primary murine B-cells reveals how depleting 26S proteasome activity enhanced cell survival following treatment with topoisomerase poisons.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dosage compensation can buffer copy-number variation in wild yeast

    James Hose et al.
    Dosage-compensated gene expression facilitates chromosomal aneuploidy, which presents a rapid route to phenotypic evolution in natural yeast isolates.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The dyskerin ribonucleoprotein complex as an OCT4/SOX2 coactivator in embryonic stem cells

    Yick W Fong et al.
    A previously unrecognized transcriptional coactivator function of the dyskerin ribonucleoprotein complex and its associated small nucleolar RNA has been uncovered and mediates embryonic stem cell-specific transcription.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    TWIST1 and chromatin regulatory proteins interact to guide neural crest cell differentiation

    Xiaochen Fan et al.
    Network propagation connects TWIST1 with epigenetic regulators CHD7, CHD8, and WHSC1, which collectively promote the bias toward neural crest while suppressing neural stem cell programmes, and subsequently enhance ectomesenchyme potential.

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